What is wandering?

What Does wandering Mean

It is called ambulation to the act of wandering : move without direction or direction . The concept can be associated with the notion of loitering . For example: "For security reasons in this sector of the hospital it is forbidden to wander through the corridors" , "The wandering of stray dogs bothers some neighbors, who demand measures from the government" , "The old man, affected by the disease of Alzheimer, left his house in the morning and began a wandering that lasted for more than ten hours, until he was found by his son ” .

The idea of ​​ambulation is often used in the field of medicine to refer to the action that a person performs when walking aimlessly . It is a problem suffered by individuals with mental disorders, such as Alzheimer's or senile dementia .

These patients experience the need to walk and that is why they can wander around the place where they are or even go out to the street to continue moving, even when they are not going anywhere in particular. The behavior poses a risk since the subject can get lost and put himself in danger.
This disorder is characterized by exaggerated and continuous movements, but in each person it can have its own patterns: for example, some manifest it without the presence of anxiety , walking in circles or going from one point to another; others, however, move nervously, as if they wanted to stop but couldn't.
Especially in this last group of patients, it happens that their relatives feel deep anguish when walking and do not know how to act to help them without worsening the situation. They generally seek to convince them to stay home without seeming imposition, or to calm them down to prevent anxiety from reaching a dangerous level.
To adequately treat ambulation in these people, it is necessary to take into account the risks involved in each case: when it occurs inside the house, the fundamental point is to prevent them from becoming distressed and frustrated; if they go to the street , the situation is potentially more serious, as it may be lost, a car accident or armed robbery, among other possibilities.
In people with Alzheimer's disease, wandering can also appear as a result of excess noise or light, among other auditory and visual stimuli . On the other hand, it can also arise in the total absence of stimuli, something that leads to boredom or even the need to find someone to talk to.
The type of gait of a person can also be called ambulation : that is, how he walks. The normal ambulation supposes the control and the coordination of the movements in an active way, with a voluntary movement and according to the decided trajectory. Various organic disorders, however, can alter ambulation and cause the individual to have limited movements or unable to control them.

Elderly people usually have different walking disorders, although in many cases age is not the direct cause or is not even related to them. To treat this particular series of problems, it is customary to increase motor activity through different therapies.
Given that most of us learn to walk in a short time and without any problem, it is not normal for us to pay attention to each of the phenomena and mechanisms that are put in place during ambulation. Unfortunately, as we get older, everything becomes more difficult for us, and this includes the seemingly simple action of walking; When wear and tear is combined with disease, there is usually a regression to lack of autonomy .

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