What is Visual Pollution?

What Does Contaminación Visual Mean

We explain what visual pollution is, its causes and the different effects it produces. Also, their possible solutions and examples.

Visual pollution presents elements such as posters, cables, poles, advertisements, etc.

What is visual pollution?

Just as pollution is the presence in the environment of toxic substances or substances outside its physical and chemical cycles, we call visual pollution the presence of visual elements in a landscape that interrupt its aesthetics , violate its overall perception and hinder the perception of the landscape. environment.



Visual pollution can occur in both rural and urban environments, given the presence of non-architectural elements such as posters, antennas, cables, poles, advertisements, gratings, among other possible factors that generate visual over-stimulation of an aggressive, invasive nature and generally simultaneous.

This type of irruption generates a not inconsiderable environmental impact , since its impact on the quality of life in contaminated environments is notorious and considerable.

In general, these are elements that contradict the aesthetic or panoramic trend of the landscape , introducing foreign visual content that ugly or corrupts the environment .

As with other forms of pollution, visual pollution requires regulations, laws and ordinances that keep it below the minimum limits of what is acceptable. Visually highly polluted environments generate rejection and force people to flee quickly.

It can help you: Soil contamination

Causes of visual pollution

Visual pollution tends to be a consequence of human activity.

Visual pollution, like other forms of pollution, tends to be the result of human activity . The advertising , urban expansion, industrialization and agricultural life often leave visual traces of their existence, many of which are not intended to interfere as little as possible in the environment , or even are designed to highlight the most of it.

All this stress that visual pollutants put on passersby, forcing them to pay their attention or distracting them from what could be a friendly or peaceful environment , ends up driving people away or, failing that, stressing them out and making them suffer.

Effects of visual pollution

The main effects of visual pollution on human beings point to increased stress, which significantly deteriorates their living , working or development conditions.

Stress can have an impact on cardiovascular health of people , in their health emotional or psychological and even reduce their margins productivity to the constantly distracting.

On the other hand, visual pollution has a negative impact on tourism and recreational activities, as it makes environments hostile that should be harmonious or peaceful, and this in turn has economic and social consequences .

Solutions to visual pollution

Some possible solutions for environmental pollution are:

  • Reduction and control of the amount of advertisements or of another nature that are allowed in a specific area, urban or rural.
  • Frequent removal of out-of-date signs, posters, and other advertisements, especially when they are large and brightly colored.
  • Planning of protected areas within cities, such as parks and other environments that allow visual and auditory rest.
  • Visually schedule the urban and architectural development of the city , allowing the people to exercise control in this regard.
  • Protection and promotion of trees in the city.

Examples of visual contamination

The abandonment of bulky buildings is an example of visual pollution.

Some possible examples of visual contamination are:

  • The excessive presence of electricity or telephone poles and wiring in important natural or tourist landscapes.
  • The overcrowding of intra- or extra-urban expressways with advertising and large advertisements with lights, movement , colors.
  • Placing ads and messages on poles light , walls and trees during election campaigns, that after the elections are not removed and remain in place for months or even years.
  • The abandonment of unfinished bulky or tall buildings in cities.

Noise pollution

And there visual pollution, noise pollution also exists (also called pollution sound or acoustic ): the presence or annoying loud noises in quiet environments , or excess simultaneous sounds in a given area.

This form of pollution produces stressful and overwhelming effects not only on human beings , but on other forms of life, and in the long term can lead to specific physical or medical damages.

Increased stress, damage to the auditory system and even headaches and symptoms of disorientation or lightheadedness can occur in highly acoustically polluted environments.

More in: Noise pollution

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