What is video art?
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What Does video art Mean
Video art is a concept that is not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ). It is a movement that began to develop in the 1960s and consists of creating artistic manifestations through sounds and moving images .
Video art can be recorded or captured in different ways. There are works that are recorded and distributed on media such as DVD , for example. There are also video art performances that take place live , combining videos, music and sounds in different ways.
It is complex to define video art or limit its scope, since it can manifest itself in multiple ways. This modality may or may not have dialogues, employ actors, use recordings, bet on live music or be based on screens. Its main feature is the use of moving images and audio.
The origin of video art is linked to the intention of finding an artistic or aesthetic application of the media . In this way, a television is no longer a device for transmitting news , sporting events or movies and becomes a device that displays certain images arranged by the artist.
Many are the artists who have managed to become a true reference in video art. Specifically, among the most significant we can highlight some such as the following:
-Nan Hoover (1931 - 2008). She was an American-Dutch creator who is considered a true pioneer of video art. His most significant works include "Fields of blue" (1980), "Color pieces" (1980) or "Light and Object" (1982).
-Eija-Liisa Ahtila (1959). She is a Finnish video artist who has been recognized internationally thanks to works such as “Consolation Service” (1999), which was awarded at the Venice Biennale, or “The Wind” (2006), which won the Artes Mundi Prize.
-Jordi Colomer (1962). This is a Spanish artist who has managed to become a benchmark in his country, but also outside of it. Among his most significant works are “En la pampa” (2008), “Arabian Stars” (2005) or “No future” (2006).
However, alongside these there are many others such as Vito Acconci, Bruce Nauman, William Wegman, Colin Campbell and Chantal Akerman.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that there are numerous groups and organizations that have specialized in this type of art and that are dedicated to promoting it, promoting it and giving it the prominence it deserves. Specifically, we can highlight the Demolden Video Project (Santander - Spain), The Experimental Television Center (New York - United States), Julia Stoschek Collection (Düsseldorf - Germany), AEC Ars Electronica Center (Linz - Austria), Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design (Scotland) or ZKM Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe (Germany), among others.
Unlike cinema, video art may not have narration . This means that video art is not intended to tell a story , but rather to convey a concept or generate sensations. For this reason, beyond the fact that its formal characteristics bring it closer to experimental cinema or television, experts tend to link video art to painting and photography due to their intention.