What is the pathophysiology of trauma?

Trauma pathophysiology is the study of the changes that occur in the body after a traumatic event or injury. Trauma patients often experience different changes within the biochemical and physical aspects of the body after a traumatic event, and sometimes these changes can last for the rest of their lives. Examples of the pathophysiology types of trauma include abdominal trauma and blunt trauma, or a physical impact to an area of ​​the body. Skeletal trauma is also another common type of trauma and can promote anything from minor fractures to permanent growth plate damage in adolescents.

Abdominal trauma is a common injury associated with a blow to the stomach and abdominal area, causing a tear in the abdominal muscle or injury to various abdominal organs. The spleen is often injured in abdominal trauma, and the injury can range from a slight soreness that may go away in a few days to rupture or hemorrhage in the most severe cases. The kidneys can also be injured in abdominal trauma, which can be life-threatening. The pathophysiology of trauma to these organs can be fatal to the body if not treated properly, as the trauma will defer the organ's functions from its normal bodily processes.

Blunt trauma is seen in any part of the body that can take a strong blow to create an injury. Types of blunt trauma include blows to the head and eyes, as well as to the stomach, chest, and back. When blunt trauma occurs to the eyes, temporary changes in vision and bruising can occur, as well as blindness in severe cases. If a blunt instrument were to strike the head, a concussion or even permanent brain damage could result, which is often studied in the pathophysiology of trauma.

An obvious correlation can be seen between the change in function, or the change in physiology, of certain body parts or organs due to trauma. The pathophysiology of trauma can range from mild and temporary to severe and life-threatening. Skeletal trauma, for example, can include minor, temporary fractures to the bones of the skeleton, which can be easily remedied by resting the bone until it heals. On the other hand, trauma to an adolescent's skeletal system, due to strenuous activity or violence, can cause disruption to the growth plates, affecting future growth potential.

Go up