What is the connection between hypertension and edema?

Hypertension and edema are related to each other because high blood pressure is one of many conditions that can cause edema. Although high blood pressure doesn't directly cause edema, it can put pressure on blood vessels, making them more likely to leak. This leakage is the main cause of edema.

Leakage from the blood vessels causes the kidneys to create extra sodium and fluid to make up for the loss of fluid from the blood. This creates a larger volume of blood, causing swelling, which in turn leads to even more blood loss through the damaged vessel(s). Hypertension can contribute to this cycle because higher than normal blood pressure can put too much pressure and strain on weakened blood vessels. By doing so, they are more likely to leak.

Although hypertension and edema are related, there is often another underlying trigger or medical condition that leads to vessel leakage. These can include certain medications, thyroid disorders, heart problems, and a myriad of others. Conditions that can cause hypertension or that can be caused by hypertension may also be associated with an increased risk of edema.

Pregnancy is one of the most common conditions that can lead to hypertension and edema. Pregnant women are prone to water retention and bloating, and this usually doesn't indicate a problem. That said, sometimes pre-eclampsia or eclampsia can become a problem. This condition causes extremely high blood pressure and severe swelling of the ankles, legs, feet, and hands. It is a serious medical condition that can be life-threatening without proper treatment.

Hypertension and edema are not always related. edema it can refer to swelling caused by any number of things, most of which are completely normal and not harmful. These can include mild dehydration, a woman's menstrual period, being at high altitude, malnutrition, and oral contraceptives.

Although most cases of bloating are temporary and not serious, anyone who thinks they may have high blood pressure or is experiencing increased fluid retention and bloating should see a healthcare professional right away. Most conditions can be successfully treated with early intervention. That said, edema can be an indicator of late-stage high blood pressure, which is a serious medical condition that requires immediate treatment.

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