What is texture?
What Does texture Mean
From the Latin textūra , texture is the arrangement and order of the threads in a fabric . In the textile sector, the term is also used to name the weaving operation and the surface of a garment.
At a general level, texture is linked to the external surface of a body . It is a property that is captured through the sense of touch . Softness, roughness and roughness are sensations conveyed by texture. For example: "I love the texture of this shirt: it is very soft" , "The uneven texture of the desk damaged my lines" , "These creams help to soften the texture of my skin" , "The blind can read thanks to the texture of the pages written in Braille ” .
Likewise, the existence of the soil texture must not be ignored. Based on it, a classification of land is established such as clay, fine sand, gravel, medium silt, stones, fine silt or coarse sand, among others.
In the field of painting , texture refers to the grouping of shapes and colors that make it possible to perceive irregularities on a continuous or flat surface. The texture, therefore, brings realism to the works.
In this artistic field we have to make it clear, therefore, that texture arises as a way of making the work much more real. It is the key to being able to represent certain aspects of life. All this is achieved through elements such as the thickness of the lines, the colors, the relief, the shapes ...
But not only that. In addition, throughout history, another series of techniques and elements have been used to achieve the texture, the reality, that is desired in a painting. In this case we could emphasize from the use of paper and cardboard to introducing wood through mixing sand and oil.
For music , texture is the way in which the voices (whether vocal or instrumental melodic lines) that intervene in a piece of music are related. The monodia (when there is a single melodic line), the homophony (the melodic voices move with the same rhythmic values but different notes) and heterophony (ornamental variations of the same melodic line) are some of the musical textures.
However, we cannot ignore the existence of other types of texture, such as polyphony. This takes place when, simultaneously, different melodic voices sound that are independent, different and that are identified by having different rhythms.
All this without forgetting the accompanied melody. It is clearly identifying because it has a melodic line that acts as the main one and is accompanied by musical instruments and voices that have the function of secondary. That secondary character leads them to play melodies that are also secondary.
In computing , finally, texture is a bitmap that is used to cover the surface of a virtual object with a special graphics program.