What is synchrony?
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What Does synchrony Mean
A Greek word derived in the term synchrony , which is used with reference to the coexistence or combination of events in the same time period . Synchrony, therefore, implies that certain events unfold simultaneously or in a concordant manner .
Synchrony can be considered in different types of machines . In this case, it is the arrangement that allows all the movements or processes of one machine to be transmitted exactly to another.
In the field of history , synchrony supposes the analysis of the same period in different geographical locations. In this way, the synchronic perspective can lead us to study the labor movement of Argentina , Brazil and Uruguay in the 1940s : that is, it focuses the study on the same decade, but taking the particularities of the three countries.
For psychology , synchronicity exists when two events develop in synchrony, and a coincidence of meaning can be established, although in an acausal way. This is what happens when a person dreams something and, simultaneously, an objective event occurs that coincides with the psychic element (for example, dreaming of the death of a person who, indeed, dies that same night).
The language also appeals to the idea of synchronism when analyzing a tongue statically (at a certain historical moment). The synchronous study of the language, therefore, is oriented to a certain period, unlike the diachronic study (which observes the evolution of the language over time).
This differentiation exists not to indicate which is the correct approach, but because both have validity, although their purposes are well differentiated. The diachronic approach is focused on the history of the language, on the evolution of its different aspects, such as syntax, etymology, semantics, phonetics and lexicon.
The synchronic, for its part, consists of "a journey in time" to a certain point in history, as if a photograph were taken and the characteristics of the language were analyzed in that scene, ignoring what happened afterwards.
Regarding the etymological origin of both words, we can say that "diachronic" is a linguistic loan (a term from one language that comes from another, and that may or may not show signs of having been orthographically adapted) that is constructed from the Greek roots that provide the general idea of something that occurs "through time." The etymology of "synchronic", for its part, shows us other Greek roots, which in this case are "with" and "time." The Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure was the one who developed the words "diachrony" and "synchrony", as well as the theoretical construction that divides both concepts; he was the first to establish a clear difference between the two perspectives.
Languages go through profound changes throughout history, and this is not so difficult to understand, since each individual experiences it in the first person. Over the years, we see idioms come and go, spelling changes, accents are no longer mandatory in some words, punctuation marks are no longer so strict, and we adopt dozens of foreign terms.
In the Pokémon universe, one of the most famous video game series in history, which in turn has television shows, comic strips, movies and a myriad of associated products, the term synchrony has its own meaning: it is about of a skill that appears in the third generation. From then on, if the owner is paralyzed, burned or poisoned in combat, his opponent will begin to have the same status , unless he has an ability or element to avoid it. The severity of the impact on the attacker depends on the victim's generation, being greater after the fifth.