What is sworn declaration?

What Does sworn declaration Mean

An affidavit is a written or verbal statement whose veracity is assured by an oath before a judicial or administrative authority. This causes the content of the statement to be taken as true until proven otherwise.

For example: "Tomorrow I have to file my tax return corresponding to the second quarter of the year" , "The governor has not yet submitted his property affidavit " , "When purchasing a vehicle, the buyer must justify the origin of the funds through an affidavit ” .
The presumption of veracity of the affidavit helps to speed up the procedures, since it avoids having to present other documents or go to a third party to testify about any fact. Nowadays it is common for court statements to be submitted virtually, through software .

It is important to bear in mind that if a person makes an affidavit with false information or malicious omissions, they are subject to an administrative or even criminal punishment . Suppose that a man must file an affidavit with the Treasury to indicate what income he had in a certain period. Depending on the amount you declare, you will have to pay more or less taxes. In order to pay a lower sum than what is due, the subject only includes in his sworn statement half of the income that he actually received. Later, an analysis of various data allows the authorities to detect that the taxpayer lied in his affidavit. Faced with this situation, a judicial process is initiated .
The need to prepare and present an affidavit in writing to carry out certain procedures says a lot about the way in which we human beings organize ourselves; for example, of the little validity that we give to oral language, always in pursuit of writing. Although there are many instances within legal processes in which the spoken word seems to prevail, transcripts are always made for later filing .
It is important to note that to sign a model affidavit it is not necessary to go to a particular office, since it is enough that we are in the presence of a notary public to give legal character to the process. With regard to the drafting of the document, there are countless examples on the Internet, in addition to the fact that lawyers often help their clients to prepare them; It is essential that all facts are clearly and concisely stated , and that all pages are properly signed and dated.

Although all affidavits are not made with the same objectives, they are characterized by focusing on the manifestation of the veracity of what is signed by the person who makes it, always under oath. Taking into account the formality and responsibility that emerges from the affidavit, we can distinguish two main types:
* simple or general : it is a manifestation that is carried out on a personal basis and of one's own free will, with the aim of alleging the veracity of certain facts. It can be used for a large number of circumstances of different nature , both personal and commercial. It is the least formal type of affidavit;
* Notary and judicial : this can be written or verbal. In this case, given that the facts whose truthfulness is affirmed under oath are usually of greater weight than in the simple affidavit, the consequences of a lie can be more serious, both in the administrative and criminal spheres . It must be signed before a notary or a lawyer, for example, who is in charge of collecting the oath and signing it to close the process.

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