What is survey?

What Does survey Mean

In French it is where the etymological origin of the term survey that now occupies us is found. It exactly comes from the word "enquête", which means "investigation" and which derives, in turn, from the Latin "inquesta". We can establish that this word is the result of the sum of two well differentiated parts:

-The prefix “in-”, which can be translated as “in” or “to be inside”.

-The verb “quaerere”, which is synonymous with “investigate” and “interrogate”.

In our language , the concept became a survey : this is the name of the series of standardized questions whose purpose is to collect people's opinions on different topics.
For example: "A survey reveals that 80% of the people are in favor of tougher penalties for murderers" , "According to a survey, the majority of residents prefer green spaces to be built instead of cultural centers" , "Politicians are always guided by what the polls say . "

A survey allows you to collect data through a questionnaire. In general, the same questions are asked to individuals of different social classes so that the result of the research is representative of the entire society. Once the information is collected, percentages are usually calculated and presented in tables or graphs .
When creating a survey, it is essential to follow a series of important tips or recommendations, including the following:

-Determine how the data is collected, that is, to know if the survey is to be carried out online, by phone or in person.

-Write the questions exhaustively and precisely, keeping in mind that they must be perfectly understood, that they must not create confusion in the respondent and that they must be written in simple language.

-The questions can be of two types: open, in which the respondent can answer freely, or closed, in which the respondent will have to choose one of the options that are given.

-You have to pay attention to the order of the questions.
A simple survey could be made of the 100 people who live in the same building, asking them "Are you happy with the work that the manager is doing?" and allowing them to choose between the following answers: "Yes" , "No" or "More or less" . The survey yields the following results: 61 neighbors answered that "Yes" they are satisfied, 15 said that "No" they are satisfied and 24 said they were "More or less" satisfied. It can be said, therefore, that 61%of the residents of the building in question are satisfied with the manager, compared to 15% who are not satisfied and 24% who are in an intermediate position.
Among the most interesting polls are those conducted in the weeks leading up to an election. In this way, what is achieved is to know what are the possible results that these elections may have. However, on many occasions this information means that citizens can be mobilized to vote for one or another political party to prevent these "predictions" from being fulfilled.

Go up