What is Subjunctive mode?

What Does Subjunctive mode Mean

The idea of a subjunctive mood appears in the field of grammar , where a mood is a category expressed in the verb that indicates values ​​such as syntactic dependence on certain types of subordination or the individual's attitude towards what is communicated.

The subjunctively marking is that what is said in the predicate as uncertain , unverifiable , unspecific or not confirmed . The hypotheses and the desired , therefore, are situated in this grammatical mode.

Let's look at an example . The phrase "He who insults the emperor will be sentenced to prison" is developed in a subjunctive mood because it refers to a hypothetical case. The expression indicates that if someone ever verbally assaults the emperor, he will receive a certain punishment.
"You would have been a great striker" , meanwhile, is another locution in the subjunctive mood. In this case, one subject tells another that, according to his belief or opinion, he could have stood out on the football field playing as an attacker. The claim is unlikely: there is no way of knowing if, indeed, the person in question would have shone in the sport, since he never engaged in the activity in a professional way.
“It is essential that we save before we move” , “Those who damage the club's facilities will be expelled” , “I wish we could leave earlier” , “If I had known that, I would not have acted in the same way” and “It is necessary that they explain what happened ” are other expressions in the subjunctive mood.
With regard to personal wishes, the subjunctive mood is the most indicated to express them. Let's look at an example below: "I would be very excited if he called me Pedro . " In this case, the sender is not sure that Pedro will call him, and for that reason he expresses it as a possible situation, but not as an absolute truth, as it would be in the sentence "Pedro will call me this afternoon . "
In everyday speech, the use of the subjunctive mood is not very frequent, but the indicative mood is usually prioritized, generally to the detriment of the meaning . Below are two sentences that help us to illustrate this phenomenon: "When my shift is over, I'll stop by your house" , "When my shift is over, I'll stop by your house . "
At first glance, we could say that both sentences have the same meaning, and that the only difference is the formality of the language . However, if we analyze them strictly, in the first one, the sender expresses that every time his shift ends, he passes by the interlocutor's house, every day this situation occurs. Needless to say, that is not what he means.

The second sentence uses the subjunctive mood to express with absolute clarity that only once , the next time , that your turn comes to an end, will you pass by the interlocutor's house. If the next day you want to repeat the meeting, you should let him know with a new prayer .
The least used tense of the subjunctive mood is undoubtedly the future ( amare, amares, amare, amaremos, amareis, amaren ). Usually, we find it in the odd saying and in legal texts. However, it can bring certain unique nuances to language, which greatly enhance communication when used correctly.
The future of the subjunctive is the one that expresses the greatest degree of improbability and uncertainty . In the previous example where expulsion is promised for those who "damage" the club's facilities, thanks to the use of this time it is clear that perhaps no one will damage them, which is not a mandatory but slightly probable situation. If we say "the one who hurts" , we would be denoting the feeling that someone will do it, sooner or later.
It should be noted that the subjunctive mood is used in many languages . Its characteristics and peculiarities depend on each language.

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