What is skepticism?

What Does skepticism Mean

Medieval Latin skepticus came to modern Latin as skepticismus , which led to skepticism in our language . This is the name of the attitude adopted by those who doubt or disbelieve something .

The skeptic, therefore, does not believe in the certainty or in the validity of things . This often leads him to not accept reality as it is presented or to contradict the beliefs installed in society.
Skepticism is a tendency to doubt statements or facts.
Skepticism, in short, is a tendency or a position that leads to questioning various facts or situations, demanding tests or demonstrations as evidence. A skeptical person, for example, does not believe in ghosts, since there is no scientific data that can prove their existence.

The skeptical person
If we refer to the more distant etymology of the term skeptic , we discover that it derives from a Greek term that can be translated as " examine " and that, therefore, we can understand that a skeptical person is "someone who investigates", expressing disagreement or doubt something that most people accept as true.
Put in a practical example, a skeptical individual would not say that "it is hot", but simply that it "feels hot", since he would not want to have a knowledge about an absolute truth; on the contrary, that it would limit itself to expressing an opinion . This is part of the concept of suspension of trial .
Types of skepticism
The idea of scientific skepticism is linked to the questioning of pseudosciences and claims that are not supported by empirical evidence. In this framework, the scientific method and logical reasoning are the pillars of this kind of skepticism.
The religious skepticism , meanwhile, is associated with distrust in the efficacy or veracity of certain practices of religions .
In philosophy, skepticism holds that there are no objective truths.
The concept in philosophy
Philosophical skepticism is called the current that is based on doubt, postulating that there are no objective truths since everything is subjective. For skeptical philosophers, knowledge always depends on the subjectivity of the person, and not on the object being studied. Philosophical skepticism, in this way, maintains that the truth is inaccessible to the human being, that is why the subjects must deal with beliefs and not defend non-existent certainties.

This current belongs to classical philosophy , a fundamental part of the history of this discipline, which is also known as Greek or ancient philosophy and spread between its arrival in the West in Ionia at the beginning of 600 BC. C. and the Roman invasion in Macedonia that took place in 148 a. C., approximately.
Skepticism in philosophy is related to the work of Pyrrho , a Greek philosopher who claimed to only express his opinion and never affirm anything. Pyrrho is remembered as the first of the skeptical philosophers, and there is a school inspired by him, called Pyrronism , which is considered a synonym for philosophical skepticism itself.
It is important to differentiate skepticism from denialism , a current that demands objective evidence for any claim that is presented but questions or rejects it instead of accepting it.
Skepticism and corroboration of data
Skepticism is much more common today than it was a few decades ago, largely due to the access to information offered by the Internet. While a lie could proliferate for days, months and years in the past, today it can be dismantled in a matter of minutes after an informal search in a search engine.
Precisely the ease with which we can verify the data leads us to doubt everything until we confirm it, in part because this power that the Internet gives us is addictive, it has made us aspiring detectives, and we cannot give in to the temptation of make use of it.

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