What is short circuit?

What Does short circuit Mean

We have to establish, firstly, that short circuit is a juxtaposed word made up of two terms such as "short" and "circuit":

-Short has its etymological origin in Latin, exactly in the adjective "curtus", which can be translated as "Cut" or "short".

-Circuito, on the other hand, also derives from Latin. In his case, he does so from the word “circuitus”, which comes, in turn, from the verb “circumeo” which means “to go around”.

The notion of short circuit , also accepted as a short circuit in the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ), refers to the electrical circuit that is accidentally produced when conductors from opposite poles come into contact, generating a discharge .
It can be said that a short circuit is a fault that is generated in an electrical line or in a device when two conductors that have different polarities come into contact due to the loss of their insulating covering. This also causes the circuit to lose its resistance and the balance provided by Ohm's law .

According to this law postulated by Georg Simon Ohm , the potential difference that is recorded at the ends of a certain conductor is proportional to the intensity of the current flowing through said conductor. The proportionality factor in the relationship between the potential difference and the intensity is known as electrical resistance .
When the unprotected insulating ends of conductors of different polarity come together, the electrical resistance is canceled and a short circuit occurs, sharply increasing the intensity of the current . There is also an increase in temperature that can even cause a fire .
To avoid damage caused by short circuits, electrical installations can be protected with fuses . This element has a wire or a sheet of metal inside: if the intensity of the electric current rises suddenly, the metal melts, causing the circuit to open.
Another protection mechanism against short circuits are the automatic or differential switches , which also open the circuit and prevent the passage of current.
"Short" , finally, is the Castilian title a movie comic science fiction released in 1986 that revolves around a robot .
John Badham is the director of that science fiction feature film that narrates how a prototype robot, which goes by the name Johnny 5, manages to escape from its creators after lightning alters its program and causes a malfunction. It is a prototype of a robot for military use that, however, its inventor aims to achieve peaceful uses and for the benefit of society.

Steve Guttenberg, Ally Sheedy or Fisher Stevens are some of the actors who lead the cast of this film that had a sequel. This was called "Short Circuit II", was released in 1988 and revolves around some toy robots that become a real business for certain dangerous characters.
This second production was directed by Kenneth Johnson and featured actors such as Fisher Stevens, Michael McKean and Cynthia Gibb, among others. Tim Blaney was in charge of voicing Johnny 5, the main robot.

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