What is separation?

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What Does separation Mean

By separation is meant to the act and due to separate or be separated (that is, fix or increase a distance isolate). The term has its origin in the Latin separatio and is usually used to refer to the cessation of life as a couple established by a decision made by the parties or decreed by a court ruling, without representing the dissolution of the marriage bond .

Separation, in this sense, is an intermediate situation between the conjugal union and the divorce decree . At the legal level, this category or classification is used in case the current law does not authorize the divorce. In these cases, the separation supposes that the couple's bond remains in force, although several of the obligations and rights that reach the members of the couple are terminated .

The separation of the spouses until then can be a de facto separation (agreed between those involved, without the link having been dissolved by legal means) or a judicial separation (which has different legal effects on the members of the couple).
In everyday life, separation marks the end of coexistence. The people involved must agree on the distribution of the assets, the legal custody of the descendants and other issues.
It is important to insist that, despite the separation, for the marriage to dissolve, the divorce must be processed. Therefore, someone who has been separated but not divorced cannot be married without incurring bigamy .
Couples generally decide to separate first and then file for divorce. This allows, after the separation and before the divorce, the couple has the possibility to rebuild themselves and the spouses to resume their normal married life.
Children in the face of parental separation
The beings that suffer the most in the separation of a couple are the children; that they must get used to living with only one of their parents and adapt to a new lifestyle.
In recent years the number of separations has been increasing; people come together more because of specific circumstances than because of a common plan, and in a short time that relationship that seemed perfect is over. And finally, the children are the ones who end up paying for the bad decisions of the parents and the consequent changes that the break causes in the family structure.
At the same time that the relationships in the couple's bond change (the parents continue to see each other but behave in an absolutely different way), they also change between parents and children. According to their age, the consequences of separation will be more serious or less. Of course, the way in which this rupture is carried out also has a great influence; that is, it is done in an organized way, as calmly as possible and without fights or violence, it may be easier for the children to assimilate this change.

There are many ways in which children express their feelings about this new circumstance in their lives. Some become absolutely rebellious , causing parents to lose control over them; others withdraw into themselves and avoid talking about it as much as possible, convincing everyone that they have overcome it. In any case, there are some generalized behaviors according to the age of each child.

* Between 2 and 6 years : Regressive behaviors (such as peeing on the bed), problems with eating and showing apathy with one of the parents;

* Between 7 and 12 years : manipulative behaviors, recrimination and feelings of guilt that lead them to commit risky actions;

* In adolescence: Assume risky behaviors, rejection of their parents and impulsive responses to everything that happens to them.

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