What is scholasticism?
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What Does scholasticism Mean
The Greek word scholastikós arrived in late Latin as scholastĭcus , which derived in medieval Latin scholasticus . The concept was linked to the school : that is why the term scholasticism can now be used to refer to medieval schools .
The concept also alludes to scholasticism , a philosophy of the Middle Ages centered on the doctrines developed by Aristotle . Scholasticism appears in Christianity, Judaism, and other religions .
Scholasticism, in this sense, is a philosophical and theological current that had a great preponderance in medieval thought, focusing on the integration of reason and faith (although giving preponderance to faith). This movement allowed the consolidation of the great religious systems minimizing the conflicts with the philosophical traditions of antiquity.
It is important to mention that, for scholasticism, thoughts should be subject to the principle of authority . In this way his arguments depended on the authorities, moving away from the empirical and the scientific method . That is why it is said that scholasticism was developed framed in rigid structures.
For Christianity, scholasticism was very important to advance in the understanding of the mystery that faith reveals . According to this position, the truths derived from experience are accessible through reason while, in those revealed by faith, philosophy has to be subordinated to theology. The scholastic theology , in this context, are part of the revealed truths and infers its findings by the method of scholasticism current.
Within the aforementioned scholastic philosophy we can establish that three different positions arise depending on what the dialectic between faith and reason is. Specifically, it should be noted that these are the following:
-The dialecticians. In this group are those who consider that reason should be responsible for analyzing and demonstrating what faith is. Within this position are philosophers and thinkers of the stature of Berengario de Tours or Juan Escoto, among others.
-The antidiallectics are those who come to make it clear that faith is the only source of wisdom. Moreover, they indicate that dialecticians acquire a position that is simply an overvaluation of what the human capacity for reason is.
-Those who supported the ideas of Gerberto de Aurillac. This position is considered to be halfway between dialectics and anti-dialectics. Precisely for this reason, it is established that both faith and reason are different faculties, but both have in common that they are destined to come together in what is the truth. This group comes, to a certain extent, to continue the line of Santo Tomás.
Scholasticism is the term used to define the rigid posture of a school .
In the same way, we cannot ignore that Scholastica is also a woman's name. Women so named are considered to be imaginative, passionate about all things fantasy, impulsive, impatient, and quite capricious. However, they also need to feel protected and stand out for being very outgoing.