What is Saturated fats?

What Does Saturated fats Mean

The notion of fat can refer to the substance that is formed with the combination of fatty acid and glycerin . Fats perform very important functions in physiology, forming part of various tissues.

The saturated fats are those composed of saturated fatty acid : long chain acids lacking double bonds between atoms of carbon. Foods like bacon (bacon) and peanut butter (also known as peanut butter ) are high in saturated fat.
It is important to bear in mind that fats are essential nutrients for the body as they provide it with energy . However, excess fat is harmful . On the other hand, it must be taken into account that fats of vegetable origin are healthier than fats of animal origin.

In this framework, the consumption of saturated fats is not recommended by doctors since they increase the level of bad cholesterol . This increases the risk of strokes and heart problems from blocked arteries .
Nutritionists recommend that saturated fats represent less than 6% of the calories you eat each day. That is why it is not advisable to exceed the consumption of whole milk, lard (butter) and fatty meats. There are vegetable oils, such as coconut oil and palm oil, which also have saturated fats.
Therefore, although saturated fats are mainly found in products of animal origin, we can also find them in some vegetables. At room temperature, these fats appear in a solid state and are sometimes visible, as is the case with beef or chicken, but also invisible, as in certain industrially processed products that contain them as part of their ingredients. ingredients (pastries are a clear example).
On a general level, it can be said that junk food and industrial foods have an excessive level of saturated fat. That is why the ideal is to restrict its consumption and maintain a balanced and healthy diet.
The concept of saturated fats began to become widespread in the 1970s, when various groups launched a campaign in favor of public health, claiming that dietary cholesterol and saturated fats carried a high risk of cardiovascular problems, reason enough to eliminate them from the diet. It was a theory based on a hypothesis that directly relates diet to heart health, which is supported by three apparent logical arguments:

* dietary cholesterol and saturated fats increase the concentration of cholesterol in the blood;
* blood cholesterol ends up accumulating in the arteries;
* said deposition of cholesterol in the arteries leads to cardiovascular disease .
Having said all this, it would be contradictory to ensure that saturated fats have benefits for our body; And it is not that they are "good" for our health, but they are still nutrients that we need to function properly. Of course, these same ones can be obtained through other fats.
In the midst of so many movements against the consumption of saturated fats, we find certain data that do not make them exactly "the bad guys in the movie", since we need them to a certain extent to properly absorb fat- soluble vitamins (those that only dissolve in oils and fats, such as A, D, E and K) and fill the cells of adipose tissue, to collaborate with the isolation of our body and maintain its temperature at an adequate level. As if all this were not enough, it is thanks to fatty acids that our body can regulate blood clotting, develop the brain and control inflammation.

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