What is ruminant?

What Does ruminant Mean

Ruminant is the adjective used to describe the species that ruminates . The verb ruminate , for its part, refers to the action of making a food return to the mouth to be chewed a second time , after having been deposited in a certain cavity.

Ruminants, in this way, constitute the group of animals that have the characteristic of rumination. These animals regurgitate the food when it is semi-digested to chew it again.
The cows , the goats , the sheep , the deer , the buffalo , the deer and bison are ruminants. These are beings whose digestive system is divided into different cavities. That is why ruminants are said to have four stomachs, although in reality they are four compartments or divisions.

The first cavity is known as the rumen . In this sector, various microorganisms are responsible for breaking down the food into smaller components so that digestion can take place .
The decomposed food is then regurgitated from the rumen and returns to the mouth through the esophagus. The ruminant chews the food again to swallow it again, but this time it passes into the reticulum . In this second cavity the food advances in its fermentation .
The route of the food continues towards the omasum , the third cavity of the stomach of a ruminant. In this sector the food continues to decompose and reduce, while the animal absorbs nutrients and separates waste. Finally the food reaches the abomasum , the fourth and last cavity that participates in the digestive process of ruminants.
Ruminant animal families
Bovids
* Goat : it is a medium fur animal composed of bristles and wool that has a rough texture. The genus to which most goats belong is called Capra , and some of them are the mountain goat (a species characterized by its great ability to climb), the Cretan mountain (considered the ancestor of the domestic goats ) and the Angora ( whose ears fall to the sides and the males have large twisted horns).
* Bison : this ruminant can measure up to 1.8 meters in height (from the base of the legs to the withers) and its horns have a particular hook shape. Although it is practically considered an extinct species , it has been reintroduced in breeding parks.
Deer
* Moose : also known by the name of Ante, it is a ruminant whose antlers are flat and have the appearance of a shovel. It can measure up to 2 meters in height and has a membrane on its legs that helps it move better through swamp areas.

* Red deer : it is an animal that is organized in a herd and inhabits European, American and Asian forests. Its approximate maximum height is 1.5 meters. Another name for this species is deer . The horns of the male develop and branch more and more throughout his life.
Jiraphids
* Giraffe : it is characterized mainly by the extension of its neck, which can reach 3 meters, leaving its total height at about 6 meters. The spots on their skin come in various shades of white and brown. It is estimated that it comes to live about thirty years.
* Okapi : also spelled "o c api" and it is a ruminant similar in appearance to the giraffe, but with a less extensive neck and stripes on the back of its body. The male has very small fur-covered horns.
Camelids
* Llama : a species that does not have a hump and is divided into four subspecies, which inhabit semi-deserts, steppes and mountainous areas .
* Alpaca : an animal with more than one subspecies, exploited for loading work, for consumption of its meat and for its wool.

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