What is rogue?

What Does rogue Mean

Pícaro can be used as a noun or as an adjective . The concept refers to the subject of doubtful morality who appeals to his cunning to obtain certain benefits or to take advantage of a certain circumstance.

For example: "Donato managed to grow in this company because he is rogue and knows how to always be in the right place, at the right time" , "That man played the rogue and did not respect the line like all of us" , "I like people mischievous who takes advantage of her opportunities ” .
It should be noted that the notion is not always used with a negative charge. Sometimes the qualification of rogue is applied to someone who acts with liveliness , perhaps bordering the limits of ethics , but without actually taking a negative or condemning action: “The forward, rogue, took advantage of a distraction from the goalkeeper and he scored the first goal ” .

The adjective, on the other hand, also mentions someone who acts without shame , in a libidinous manner or lewd intentions: "Don't be mischievous and take your hand away" , "Why are you looking at me with those mischievous eyes?" .
In the classical literature of Spain , a very popular genre is the picaresque novel . It developed especially in the so-called Golden Age , as the end of the Renaissance approached and the Baroque era began.
This genre parodied epic stories and tales of chivalry, with protagonists who were antiheroes and who revealed typical problems of the Spanish society of the time.
By extension, other artistic genres whose central characters were rogues are known as picaresque. Thus, one can speak of a picaresque comedy when its humor revolves around sexuality and double meaning .
Let's see the main characteristics of the picaresque genre:
The protagonist
It belongs to a very low social stratum . Usually he comes from a family that lost honor, indulged in crime, or openly marginal. This rogue is an antihero, the opposite of a respectable gentleman, a figure that had ceased to exist in the society of the time. His goal is to improve, although to achieve it he does not hesitate to use his cunning and to resort to acts such as fraud and deception.
The rogue's treasure is his own freedom , since it is outside the codes imposed by contemporary high society.

The structure
It can be said that it is a false autobiography narrated by the rogue himself from the present, recounting his adventures, trying to give lessons about good manners from his own mistakes and making a trip through his genealogy, which is opposed to the supposed lineage of knights . The protagonist, who is an author and actor, is clearly sorry for his actions.
The rogue seeks to climb socially but never succeeds, and relies on the fact that he cannot stop being a rogue . The structure of the picaresque genre novels is based on this paradigm, which is especially appreciated in " La vida de Lazarillo de Tormes ". However, various authors of the genre (among which are Francisco de Quevedo, Mateo Alemán and Miguel de Cervantes) did not share this impossibility of improving since they opposed the concept of free will, of great importance for Catholicism in the Counter Reformation.
The ideology
The picaresque genre had a pronounced influence from contemporary sacred rhetoric, which generally preached examples through the narration of inappropriate behavior that led to inevitable punishment or repentance. It is a pessimistic ideology (since the cycle of sin and consequence is shown in a systematic way) but, at the same time, moralizing (because it seeks to give a constructive message).

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