What is riot?
What Does riot Mean
Mutiny , from the French mutin ( "rebel" ), is the disorderly movement of a group of people who revolt against the constituted authority or the established order. Unlike concepts such as rebellion or revolt , the riot takes place in a limited area, such as a jail or a military barracks.
For example: "The riot in the Sierra Chica prison has left four dead and a dozen wounded" , "Colonel Casablanca led the riot that, a few hours later, was controlled thanks to the intervention of the governor" , "The subject convicted of the robbery of Banco Vida Nueva has been identified as the promoter of the riot ” .
One of the meanings of the term, then, is within the scope of a prison . The riot, in this case, occurs when the prisoners begin to generate disturbances and rebel against the prison guards, generally demanding improvements in living conditions or in the procedural situation.
In the military context, the mutiny takes place inside a barracks or, in the case of the Navy , on a boat. This uprising supposes disobedience to the chain of command and hierarchical order, being considered a crime (mutiny).
Historically, we would have to say that there are various riots that have become important episodes in our past. Thus, for example, among them the Mutiny of Aranjuez takes center stage, which took place in March 1808 in the Madrid town that gives it its name.
The uprising of the citizens, in this case, occurred as a result of a series of situations that were worrying him in a special way, such as the intrigues that were taking place in the Court, the consequences that the defeat in the famous Battle of Trafalgar or the tensions regarding the throne.
The result of this mutiny was none other than the fall of Minister Manuel Godoy, who wielded great power and was rumored to have relations with the queen, but also the end of an era, the Old Regime, and the beginning of a series of unfortunate consequences like a war.
In the same way, one should not ignore the so-called Mutiny of Esquilache, which took place in Madrid in 1766 during the reign of Carlos III. It was a massive popular revolt with strong economic, political and social demands that had as its starting point two facts: the imposed rule that the use of the long cape as well as the hat called chambergo were prohibited, and, especially, the increase of the prices of basic necessities. A situation this last one that caused that the population was going hungry.
Mutiny can also be the spontaneous revolt of the lower classes against some type of oppression. A riot can be unleashed by the murder of a person at the hands of the police, which causes part of the population to take to the streets in protest to demand justice , with a more or less violent attitude towards the authorities.