What is rhinorrhea?

What Does rhinorrhea Mean

The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ) does not recognize the term rhinorrhea . The concept is used in the field of medicine to name the exit of fluids through the nostrils , caused by an increase in mucus secretions.

Runny nose can occur for different reasons. One of the most common causes is allergy , which can also cause rhinitis and other disorders. The viruses , the bacteria , the trauma and to the cold can also generate rhinorrhea or runny nose .

Other causes of the appearance of rhinorrhea or nasal congestion are the following: flu; common cold; allergy- related disorders , such as allergic rhinitis; the use of products such as drops or sprays without doctor's indication and for a long time; pregnancy; nasal polyps (a disease that involves the presence of small benign tumors that make it difficult to breathe); foreign particles in the nostrils; vasomotor rhinitis; sinus infection. The latter, meanwhile, is also known as sinusitis, rhinosinusitis or sinus infection, and it is an inflammation that occurs together with a fungal, bacterial or viral infection.
Generally, rhinorrhea does not require any treatment; in fact, it is normal for congestion to last no more than a week. The person suffering from this drip should simply blow their nose to remove excess mucus and free the nostrils. It should be noted that "blowing the nose" is understood to expel air forcefully through the nose, holding a handkerchief to catch the fluids that, lodged in the nostrils, are expelled by the action itself.
When rhinorrhea is frequent or chronic, a doctor may indicate a treatment to act on the causes that generate it. Thus, if the rhinorrhea is due to an allergy, the professional may suggest the administration of corticosteroids or antihistamines . If the rhinorrhea is caused by an infection , the doctor may also prescribe different drugs.
A method quite effective in removing mucus from the nasal passages is the washing spray solution saline ; This can be purchased at any pharmacy, or prepared at home. To make it, just warm a cup of water, add a pinch of bicarbonate and half a tablespoon of salt. It is recommended not to do more than four nasal washes per day; Furthermore, sprays should only be applied to children over two years of age.

Sometimes, the abundance of mucus causes the fluids to also descend towards the throat, causing discomfort in that area of ​​the body or generating a cough . It is also common for the nasal mucosa to become inflamed, producing what is known as nasal congestion .
As with many other health conditions, it is very important to take certain precautions to prevent their onset or to deal with it more effectively. Some of the tips to improve the day-to-day life of a rhinorrhea patient are the following:
* Raise the head of the bed, either by placing an extra pillow or any object that can raise the part of the mattress on which the head rests, to facilitate breathing ;
* drink more water, although without sugar;
* use a cold mist humidifier, but with a limit, since excess humidity in a room is also not beneficial to treat rhinorrhea (in addition, it is important to clean the humidifier daily with a suitable product);
* In the absence of a humidifier device, it is always possible to run the hot water in the bathroom for a while and stay there for a few minutes before going to sleep.

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