What is restitution?
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What Does restitution Mean
Restitution is a term with an etymological root in Latin restitutĭo . It is about the process and the result of restitution (putting something in the state in which it was previously, returning something to its owner, making an individual return to its place of origin).
For example: "The government will promote a law for the restitution of lands to native peoples" , "The restitution of the mayor was contested by all sectors of the opposition" , "The judge must decide in the coming days on the eventual restitution of the minor to his family ” .
The idea of refund is often used in relation to a refund . If we take the previous examples, a law to restore lands to Aboriginal peoples would mean that the ownership of certain land reverts to its original owners. The restitution of the mayor, on the other hand, implies that the president regains his position, while the restitution of a minor to his family represents that the child returns to live with his relatives.
It is known that many aboriginal peoples have suffered and continue to suffer a deep contempt on the part of the governments that claim to be the current owners of their territories . Unhappy with erecting cultures that learn to make fun of other people's history, the authorities carry out all kinds of abusive measures to deprive these people of their lands, using force if they deem it necessary. The differences in numbers and preparation for the armed confrontation (it is worth mentioning that the aborigines do not tend to be in favor of using force before the word) lead to an inevitable failure, despite the efforts of some to obtain the definitive restitution of their land.
The concept of restitution is frequently used when referring to the recovery of identity . In Argentina, during the last military dictatorship (1973-1983) there were thousands of babies who were born when their mothers were kidnapped and illegally detained. These children were stolen from their mothers and handed over to other families, usually without them being able to know their true identity. In this way, human rights organizations speak of the restitution of identity when one of these people (now adults) is identified and put in contact with their blood relatives.
Another area in which the word restitution is used is photogrammetry , a technique used to determine the spatial situations and geometric properties of objects that have been photographed. Among the fields in which photogrammetry is applied are cartography, architecture, agronomy, archeology and the reconstruction of disasters by the security forces. When using two photographs per area, it is possible to take advantage of the principles of stereoscopy to have a more precise notion of the depth and dimensions of the elements.
Edict of Restitution
Ferdinand II of Habsburg was an important figure in history , and in his short life (1578 to 1637) he held more than one royal position: he was Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary and Emperor of the Holy German Empire. After the Peace of Augsburg , also known as the Peace of Religions , a treaty that intended to resolve the conflict of the Protestant reform, Ferdinand II decided to promulgate the Edict of Restitution, since he had not been comfortable with the amount of land that he had gotten for his regimen.
By means of this edict it became illegal to secularize ecclesiastical lands and it was required that those that had been secularized since 1552 be restored. Similarly, he denied legal protection to Calvinists. Although the Princes agreed with much of this decree, they doubted its legitimacy, and believed that it was a step towards absolute monarchy by Ferdinand II.