What is research protocol?

What Does research protocol Mean

In order to know the meaning of the term research protocol, it is necessary that, first of all, we determine the etymological origin of the two words that give it its shape:

-Protocol derives from the Greek "protokollon", formed by the prefix "protos" (the first) and "kollea" (tail).

-Investigation, meanwhile, comes from the Latin "investigatio". This word, which means “action and effect of finding out”, is made up of three different parts: the prefix “in-” (inward), the noun “vestigium” (trace) and the suffix “-cion” (action and effect).

Protocol of a concept with several uses. It is generally used to refer to the set of instructions or rules that, either by agreement or by tradition, allows to guide behavior.
Research , meanwhile, is the process and the result of research (the methodical action that is carried out with the intention of increasing knowledge about something or with the aim of making a discovery).

Research protocols , therefore, are guides that detail different issues that are considered when developing an investigative work. Its purpose is to agree common procedures to all researchers, in such a way that the analysis of the results is facilitated and that the conclusions of the work can be shared in a simple way.
A research protocol, on the other hand, establishes references of the work to be carried out and establishes under what parameters the results of the project will be interpreted .
Once the research is done, another scientist can take the protocol in question and study the documentation used and the steps followed. In this way, the scientific community is in a position to consider the validity and quality of the research carried out. Thanks to the research protocol, on the other hand, the research work can be verified and repeated step by step.
Specifically, the structure that is considered essential that a research protocol must have is the following:

Title of the research and its summary.


-Final objectives and how the results obtained can be applied.

-Theoretical foundation.

-General and specific objectives of this research work.


-Methods of analysis of results.

This we can say that it is the basic structure of any research work that is carried out. However, we cannot ignore that it is also necessary to include other sections or elements such as annexes, the schedule of activities that has been followed, the sources used and even the financing and tools that have been used to have that.

In the same way, we must not forget that it is considered essential that a research protocol is characterized by being complete, serious, responsible, flexible and even recyclable. And that is how it will achieve the proposed objectives.
That is, a research protocol must include a summary of the research work, the statement of your problem, the details of the objectives, the theoretical framework followed, the techniques that were applied and the methodology used to analyze the results, among other data.

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