What is repechage?

What Does repechage Mean

A repechage is a chance or an additional possibility that is granted to certain individuals or groups in the framework of a competition . In general, it is an opportunity for revenge that some competitors have who failed to qualify for another phase in the first instance.

An example of playoffs takes place in the qualifying rounds that are played in South America to qualify for the Soccer World Cup . The South American qualifiers are a qualifying tournament organized by the South American Football Confederation : currently, the first four teams qualify directly for the World Cup , while the fifth accesses a playoff .

This means that the selected team that finishes the South American qualifiers in fifth place cannot qualify for the World Cup in that first instance, although they acquire the right to participate in a playoff. This playoff consists of two games (one at home and one as away) against the team that finished fifth in the Asian qualifiers . The winner of this series finally qualifies for the World Cup , while the loser is eliminated and has no other chance.
The repechage mode is also used in the Davis Cup , the tennis tournament in which national teams participate. The first division of the Davis Cup is known as the World Group ; Those teams that lose in the first round of the World Group go on to play a play-off against the winners of the different regional groups . The teams that win the playoffs play in the World Group the following year.
When observing the etymology of the term repechage, it is curious that its most common use takes place in the field of sport, although its three components clearly explain why its meaning refers to trying once again to achieve a certain objective , especially after having failed. The three parts that make up the word are:
* the prefix re , which refers to the action of reiterating and, in the aforementioned contexts, to the opportunity to continue participating in a competition;
* the verb to fish , which in these cases can give the idea of ​​going after a new opportunity , of looking for it with effort and without the certainty of getting it;
* the suffix -aje , used to give the sense of action , just as in terms such as travel, sabotage, and blackmail .

Another way of understanding the birth of this word in our language is through a translation from French, where its equivalent «repêchage», which derives from the French verb to indicate «to fish again» , is used in the same sense as it We give in Spanish, to give a participant of a competition or exam a new opportunity.
The need or validity of a repechage in the field of a competition arises from a reality that cannot be denied: the performance of a person or team in the middle of a match with a fixed date does not always reflect their true ability or their maximum potential , since a large number of external factors can have a negative influence . For example, health issues can weaken them and deprive them of optimal use of their senses and faculties, just as emotional problems such as the loss of a loved one can devastate them and inevitably affect outcomes.
All this leads us to understand that, although there is not always the possibility of repechage in the championships, to believe that a specific failure defines a participant or a team is to ignore a series of factors, reduce reality to a plane. On the other hand, the repechage also helps the dynamism of the competitions, since it gives them movement and collaborates with the surprise factor until the end.

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