What is relict?

What Does relict Mean

Relicto is a term that comes from the Latin word relictus , which in turn derives from the verb relinquere . The Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ) recognizes its use in the field of law , although it does not provide a definition of the term.

What the RAE mentions is the concept of relic assets or relic assets . These ideas are associated with what a person leaves behind when they die . This relict patrimony is made up of the assets, obligations and rights that result from the death of an individual.
The estate can be divided into the entire estate (includes both the assets and liabilities of the deceased person) and the liquid estate (the resulting assets after deducting debts). This heritage can be the center of an inheritance or a legacy.

The notion of relict is also used in the context of biology . Living beings whose distribution is limited or that managed to survive some natural phenomenon or human action are classified as relict .
We speak of relict species , therefore, when the number of specimens is in decline and limited to a small geographic space. This may be caused by the outbreak within its scope of a new predator, by a change in climate or by the activity of the human being , among other reasons.
Relict species are distinguished by their scarce presence on the planet, unlike others, which are abundant, or which simply enjoy the space that naturally corresponds to them. In addition to the causes mentioned above, a species can reach this point if competition (a type of interspecific relationship ) harms them, something that can occur in different ways and at various levels.
For the number of individuals of a species to decrease, it is not always necessary for another to use it as the basis of its diet, but certain changes in the environment generated by competitors may leave it without the nutrients necessary for its subsistence, or deprive it of the means they used to take refuge from their natural predators. This is especially true in small or highly fragmented populations .
In this sense, a relict forest is called that which is a remnant of a much larger one that has lost a large part of its surface. To be classified as a relict, a comparison is made with some time in the past, which makes it possible to determine that the forest in question has receded.

One of the most prominent examples of these vestiges of flora is the Fray Jorge forest, located in the Chilean province of Coquimbo, more precisely in the Altos de Talinay, a cordon of hills. It is a space characterized by semi-desert vegetation (such as sclerophyllous and xerophilous bushes) and a Mediterranean climate. To the south it borders the Limarí River, while to the west is the Pacific Ocean.
The feature of this relict forest that most admires its visitors is that it is a true green spectacle in a rather desert area, which leads them to wonder how it is possible that they survive and how they got there in the first place. Some experts suggest that the origin of the flora of the Fray Jorge forest is mixed, found in diversified, southern and boreal ancestors of the center and south of the country.
Palmar de Ocoa is another well-known relict forest in Chile, located southeast of Quillota. Some of the Chilean palms ( jubea chilensis ) that inhabit it are three centuries old and grow very close to each other. For more than a hundred years, its various owners have been in charge of preserving it, and for this reason it is considered a conservation sanctuary .

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