What is ransomware?

What Does ransomware Mean

A ransomware is a type of malware : that is, malicious or malicious software . It is a computer program that, by infecting a computer, prevents its normal use or restricts access to documents , demanding a payment to restore normal operation.

Typically, the user inadvertently installs the ransomware by following a deceptive link on a website or in an email . Once installed, this program can encrypt files or even lock the screen .
With the infection already produced, the creator of the ransomware demands a "ransom" to free the system . The amount requested usually depends on the consequences of the attack: if ransomware causes financial losses to a company, for example, a lot of money may be asked.

The first cases linked to ransomware date back to 2005 . Criminals often resort to false messages posing as recognized companies, encouraging users to click on a link. Whoever falls for the trap ends up installing the ransomware.
Computer security specialists highlight the importance of prevention to prevent ransomware from affecting computers. This is relevant since, although the user ends up paying what is asked of him, nothing ensures that he regains control and complete access to his system.
Experts recommend using a firewall ( firewall ) when surfing the Internet and have an antivirus reliable and updated. On the other hand, they suggest not to open suspicious emails or enter potentially dangerous websites .
Of course, these and other security measures are only sustained if none of the people with access to the data betrays the rest and becomes involved in the kidnapping. In a company where many employees work, it is very difficult to monitor everyone's behavior to ensure that no one breaches their confidentiality obligations . In particular, it becomes difficult to maintain order without making them feel that they do not trust them, since this feeling can considerably wear down the performance and respect on the part of the worker towards the company.
When ransomware hits large software development companies, the consequences of not meeting the criminals' requirements can be exposing the source code of a future product, or even a series of projects that the victim did not even have. spoken publicly. Needless to say, in a world where piracy is so widespread, such an attack can lead to a significant drop in sales.

Something that ransomware attacks have in common with the abductions of people or animals is that they cannot be isolated from other events and factors that take place around them, such as the degree of visibility that criminals give to the fact, the data illegal copying and potential harm to the victim. For example, the same source code hijacking can lead to two very different situations if the offender only communicates with his victim or if he decides to make his actions public.
This last tactic tends to put more pressure on the other party as it becomes a more realistic threat . For now, if the public finds out about the theft, a complementary tension begins on the part of those people who, despite the fact that the situation is a crime, want the data to be published in order to access them; in the case of a video game, for example, it is common for these leaks to produce alternative versions created by fans who modify the code.

Go up