What is punk?

What Does punk Mean

The punk is a musical and cultural movement that emerged in England at the end of the decade of 1970 . It is characterized, on a musical level, by simple melodies, fast measures and protest lyrics .

Punks, as the followers of this movement are known, often dress unconventionally and use a crest as a hairstyle. Anarchism, self-management, independence, atheism and nihilism are some of the philosophies on which punk thinking is based.
Punk was born as a rebellion against the prevailing rock in the '60s and' 70s, which it accused of being a market instrument and a simple fashion promoted by the industry. On the other hand, the bombast and complexity of certain bands alienated the music from young people. This situation was compounded by a growing pauperization of the industrialized countries, with high unemployment rates and a gloomy vision of the future.

Regarding the name of the genus, it should be mentioned that it is a term of English origin that is used as a synonym for garbage or scum , among other meanings that, if applied to people, are equally derogatory. The adoption of this word as a label for this musical movement automatically frees its followers from social impositions. It is worth mentioning that this adjective is also used as an insult, regardless of musical tastes, and refers to uncompromising lifestyles and lack of personal hygiene, among other issues.
The Sex Pistols (in England ) and The Ramones (in the United States ) are considered the first punk bands. Over time, the genre was acquiring influences from other rhythms and styles, which can be seen in groups like The Clash (which mixed punk with reggae, dub and others).
The massification of punk ended up turning it into another trend assimilated by society and industry. Incompatible aspects even emerged within the same movement, with left groups promoting revolution and political participation and other extreme right groups approaching fascism and Nazism.
After punk
Punk left an undeniable mark on popular music, much to the liking of some and the chagrin of others. As in many other cases, his time in the industry gave rise to various subgenres . Many of the bands that emerged as part of this natural evolution cannot identify with one of them in particular, which makes their classification more complex. Let's look at some of these subgenres below:

* hardcore punk : emerged in the late 70s in North America, and was the first step in the evolution of punk, with groups such as Bad Brains, Teen Idles and The Exploited;
* gypsy punk : its name can be translated as gypsy punk and it is a combination of Romanian musical traditions or cabaret with the classical branch of punk, and was represented by DeVotchKa and Chunga-Changa, among others;
* pop punk : it is also known as popular punk and is characterized by more melodic and clearer musical lines. It is worth mentioning that many of its representatives do not embrace nihilistic ideas, since it is a more market-oriented movement. He was born in North America and his time of more popularity occurred in the early 90's through bands such as Blink 182 and Green Day;
* Horror punk : probably one of the most peculiar subgenres of punk, its main feature is that its songs narrate horror stories , whose protagonists are vampires, skeletons and zombies, among other beings of the same nature . Regarding the aesthetics of the horror punk groups, the use of makeup, costumes and hairstyles to reflect the characteristics of the characters that occupy their stanzas stand out.

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