What is psychosis?

What Does psychosis Mean

Psychosis is a type of mental illness characterized by delusions and hallucinations . It is a generic concept that includes diseases such as paranoia and schizophrenia, and is linked to loss of contact with reality .

Some of the following symptoms are commonly associated with psychosis:
* disorderly thinking;

* sudden and intense behavioral disturbances;

* isolation and cessation of communication with other people;

* the feeling of being watched or chased, that other people represent a risk;

* speak alone, assuming there is an interlocutor (soliloquy);

* hearing that they speak to us ( auditory hallucinations );

* experiencing visions (visual-type hallucinations);

* feeling confused or forgetting things easily;

* believe that we cannot achieve our goals.

The list goes on, and guilt and depression can be added , but it is important to note that the points just mentioned do not necessarily indicate that a psychotic-type disorder is taking place, since it is possible to experience such symptoms through excessive consumption of narcotics or after having experienced very stressful events, among other possibilities.
This disorder can originate from a large number of physiological phenomena , whether functional or organic; for this reason it has come to believe that this mental illness is equivalent to fever , in that it represents a serious but unspecific situation. On the other hand, it is believed that psychosis does not entail a disconnection with the normal conscious plane, which shows that in many cases, an especially difficult and distressing stage in the life of an individual during which he experiences some of the associated symptoms to psychosis, it can lead to misdiagnosis.
Throughout history, numerous classifications of psychosis have been recognized; according to some of its symptoms can be established certain groups, such as those with delusions hallucinatory or hallucinatory, delusional credible and improbable, and systematized well (with its counterpart expected). As in all science, years of research and observation have allowed specialists to find increasingly specific patterns, which make the study of this disease more efficient.
Currently, worldwide, when you want to identify a type of psychosis draws on the DSM-IV system, a manual collecting statistical information from diseases mental and belongs to the American Psychiatric Association. According to this document, the following classes of psychosis are recognized, among others:

* schizophrenia , which in turn is divided into paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated or residual type;

* schizophreniform disorder;

* schizoaffective disorder;

* delusional disorder;

* Psychotic disorder, which can be brief, shared, induced by the use of certain substances, or due to a related illness, although it can also have unspecified causes.
Colloquial language often associates psychosis with insanity . However, phobias , panic attacks or repeated behaviors by those suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorders are not part of what can be considered as insanity from a psychiatric point of view.
Psychosis can be treated with antipsychotic drugs and therapy . In the most favorable cases, therapy can help the patient to the point where he can adapt socially without the need for medication.
Finally, Psycho is a film directed by Alfred Hitchcock that was released in 1960 . It is based on a novel written by Robert Bloch , who, in turn, was inspired by a serial killer named Ed Gein . The film earned four Oscar nominationsand had a remake in 1998 .

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