What is psychobiology?

What Does psychobiology Mean

The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) does not recognize the term psychobiology . The concept, however, is often used to name the discipline that applies criteria and notions of biology in the study of the behavior of people and animals.

Also called biopsychology , psychobiology combines tools from biology and the social sciences to understand the processes that take place in the mind. These processes are linked to what happens in the brain , an organ that can be studied from biological criteria .

Psychobiology, therefore, appeals to biology and neurology to offer explanations about behavior. As he considers the processes of the mind as organic processes , he develops his theories and explanations based on the scientific method .
Psychobiology, therefore, we can say that it becomes a discipline of a psychological type that what it does is study human behavior. As it does? Starting from the fact that it is a biological property that allows establishing a direct relationship with the environment, both at an active and adaptive level, and which is molded from evolution.
Starting from all these premises, students who go to the University to study Psychobiology find themselves with a career where they have to deal with subjects such as psychopharmacology, developmental psychobiology, physiological psychology, behavioral ecology, cognitive neuroscience and even biological foundations of behavior.
It is important to know that when it comes to being able to carry out what is the psychobiological explanation of the behavior of any specific being, a series of fundamental aspects must be taken into account, such as the stimulus, the characteristics of the organism itself, its system neuroendocrine ...
A psychobiologist can analyze and describe behaviors. In this way, he is in a position to apply his knowledge to the treatment of behavior problems through action on his biological substrate. It should not be forgotten that psychobiology considers psychological processes from the biological system, taking the organism as a unit.
Just as it understands that psychological behavior is related to biology, psychobiology also takes the evolution of behavior as a question linked to genetics . Similarly, emotions, motivations and certain disorders of the mind are studied from the neurobiological aspects that determine them in concrete and specific mental processes.
Psychobiology, on the other hand, also analyzes addictions since it studies the psychotropic actions of substances and how they modify behavior.

It should not be overlooked that within psychobiology there are also different equally important and significant sub-disciplines such as these:

-Genetics of behavior.

-Psychobiology of development.

-Sociobiology, which comes to study what is the biological basis of social behavior but based on or in reference to the well-known theory of evolution.

-Etology, which comes to analyze the aforementioned behavior from an adaptation point of view.

-Psychophysiology.

-Psychopharmacology, which studies how drugs can influence behavior in the face of certain stimuli and even in certain situations.

-Physiological psychology.

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