What is protrusion?

What Does protrusion Mean

Protrusion is the process and result of protrusion . This verb refers to the action carried out by an organ when it protrudes from its normal location or moves beyond its limits, either due to a cause of nature or due to some type of pathology.

Among the most common protrusions are hernias , which consist of the exit of a tissue or an organ outside the body spaces in which they are normally found.
A hernia can be congenital or acquired from different circumstances (such as overexertion, the development of overweight or a traumatic injury). The protrusion in question can appear in different parts of the body , which allows hernias to be classified in different ways.

The umbilical hernia , for example, is that protrusion that affects the abdominal cavity due to a problem in the closure of the navel. It is a disorder that must be solved through a surgical intervention.
In the case of inguinal hernia , the protrusion also appears in the abdominal cavity, although it is associated with what occurs in the inguinal canal.
On the other hand, there is brain herniation : as its name suggests, the protrusion is inside the skull and is caused by a sudden increase in intercranial pressure.
Protrusions usually need some kind of medical attention. When the professional diagnoses the existence of a hernia, the most common treatment involves corrective surgery .
The slipped disc or disc protrusion consists of a displacement of the disc intervertebral causing neurological complications. It is one of the most serious types of protrusion, since the vertebrae and the discs that provide cushioning allow us to bend and flex the body, rotate in both directions, and perform a large part of our daily movements; Therefore, an injury to any of these essential components of our body can deprive us of normal mobility, in addition to causing severe back pain.
As with many other disorders, the effectiveness of the treatment depends largely on the moment in which the disc protrusion is detected , through its symptoms and sign ; some of the complications that can be prevented are chronic pain, muscle weakness, and loss of certain basic functions such as sphincter control.

The discs not only cushion the vertebrae but also offer protection to the bones, preventing them from rubbing against each other. Over the years, its size begins to be reduced due to wear, and in the same way its performance stops being the same, facts that are perceived through a certain rigidity and a more limited movement of the spine.
Although they are often used synonymously, disc protrusion differs from herniated disc : in the first case, the disc remains intact; the hernia causes the rupture, rupture or some type of damage in the disc, which results in the escape of the gelatinous substance that resides in its interior.
With regard to symptoms , the most common is pain in the lower back, which can range from mild to severe, generally due to pressure on the nerves from the bulging disc. Many patients also experience what is known as sciatica , a condition that usually begins this way and then spreads the pain to one or both legs. Any attempt to perform a simple movement, such as sitting or walking, can intensify the pain . It is also normal to feel the limbs go numb or weak.

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