What is Protestant?

What Does Protestant Mean

The broadest meaning of the term Protestant is associated with the person who expresses disapproval or reproach towards something. In this sense, everyone who makes a protest is a Protestant.

The most common use of the concept, however, is more specific and appears in the realm of religion . Protestant is the name given to those Christian movements that emerged after a reform that took place in the 16th century in various European countries.
Protestantism, therefore, arose as part of the so-called Protestant Reformation that was born in Germany and that led to the creation of numerous religious groups and Churches . Protestant movements owe their name to the objective of modifying the structure and certain principles of the Catholic Church, but without replacing or abolishing it.

It must be stated that it was specifically in the year 1517 when Luther began to take the steps of the well-known reform. And it was considered that it was necessary due to certain circumstances that were taking place within the Church and on the part of it:

-The authority of the Pope was in absolute decline, among other things, because he was more concerned with earthly issues. than by faith.

-The constant abuses that the whole group of clergymen and members of the Roman curia was carrying out.

-The decline of theology.
Theologians Martin Luther and John Calvin are pointed out as the fathers of Protestantism. The rejection of the great power of the Pope , the opposition to the sale of indulgences and the claim to take advantage of the idle lands that the Catholic Church had in various regions of the world were some of the reasons that drove the Protestant Reformation.
It is important to know that the Protestant Church, in turn, is divided into three large groups, such as these:

-The Calvinist Church, from which, for example, the Presbyterians emanate.

-The Anglican Church, which has two branches, one closer to Catholicism and the other to Calvinism: the High Church and Low Church, respectively.

-The Lutheran Church, which later gave shape to the Mennonite or Anabaptist, among others.
One of the great differences between Protestant doctrine and traditional Catholic doctrine is that Protestantism only recognizes Christ as the leader of the Church. The Pope , in this sense, is a fallible person like any other.
In the same way, these are two other of the main differences between Protestants and Catholics:

-The Protestants consider that the "Bible" is the highest authority to dictate what should be done for the salvation of sins. Catholics, for their part, believe that this "power" is shared by the "Bible" with the "Sacred Tradition."

-Catholics bet because you have to be just and holy to be able to get salvation. Those who profess Protestantism, for their part, advocate two different aspects: justification and sanctification.

What happens after death and the characteristics of purgatory are other theological differences that exist between Protestants and Catholics.

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