What is protectorate?

What Does protectorate Mean

Protectorate is the function and work carried out by a protector . A protector, on the other hand, is a person whose obligation is to take care of the interests of a society. In the broadest sense of the term, protector is one who protects.

The notion of protectorate, however, is usually associated with a territory whose administration depends on a State that has not been able to fully incorporate it into its national structure. In this way, in a protectorate authorities of this State coexist with others that are typical of the region in question.
The protectorate can arise from an agreement between two or more States or the agreement between a State and a political entity of lesser rank, which lacks the necessary institutions to exercise sovereignty . The usual thing is that the protection of the State exercised by the protectorate in matters such as defense, security and external ties is accepted.

In practice, the protectorate usually implies that a strong State provides protection to a weaker State or a smaller entity, acting in the territory of the protected one. In exchange for providing such assistance, the State exercising the protectorate receives different benefits.
Typically, the protected region retains a certain autonomy , being able to make certain decisions beyond the presence of the protecting State. A protectorate, however, usually implies a dominance of the powerful over the weak.
One of the best known protectorates in history was the so-called Spanish Protectorate of Morocco, which was in force from 1913 to 1956 approximately. As its name suggests, it was a Moroccan territory in which the Spanish government exercised a protectorate regime.
Specifically, that territory framed under the aforementioned legal figure was divided into two zones:

-The north, which was bordered by the international zone of Tangier and with the cities of Ceuta and Melilla.

-The south, which was in the province of Tarfaya.
Almost 21,000 square meters made up this territory, whose capital was Tetouan, which found itself with an administrative organization composed of a Moroccan government, a delegation of indigenous affairs and the so-called High Commissariat. This last body had figures such as the High Commissioner, the auditors, the Indigenous Police and the Regulars.
In this protectorate both Spanish and Arabic were official languages, the prevailing religions were Islam and Catholicism, the official currency was the peseta ...
An example of a protectorate was the British Central African Protectorate that was in force between 1891 and 1907 in what is now Malawi . There, a British commissioner was in charge of administering and controlling the security forces.

That protectorate had English as its official language and its system of government was a constitutional monarchy. To all this we must add that the capital was Zomba and that the currency it used was the Rhodesian pound.
Currently there is also what is known as the Protectorate of Foundations. Within the scope of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports of Spain, mention is made of it, which is the body that is responsible for ensuring the correct operation of foundations, their constitution and even that they respect all established laws.

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