What is proletariat?

What Does proletariat Mean

In Latin it is where the etymological origin of the term that now occupies us is found. Specifically, it is established that the proletariat comes from “proletarius”, which can be translated as “what belongs to the children”.

The social class formed by the proletarians is known as the proletariat . The proletarians are the workers , those manual workers who are paid for their work .
For example: "I want to become president to defend the interests of the proletariat" , "An American sociologist surprised the academic world with a controversial essay on the current situation of the proletariat" , "No matter who governs, the proletariat will always be discriminated against . "

In the capitalist system , the proletariat is the lowest social class. These workers do not have the means of production , so they are forced to sell their labor power to the bourgeoisie. In other words, the proletariat is an employee of the bourgeois who, as an employer, pays him a wage for his work.
Karl Marx coined this notion of the proletariat to oppose the working class to the bourgeois class. The term, however, had its origin in Ancient Rome . There, the proletarians were the citizens of the lowest social class and did not have any property. The State only considered these people to generate proles (their children), who went on to form the armies of the empire .
In the 19th century, with the arrival of the Industrial Revolution, there was an important boost to the proletarians, who took a greater role in society because their workforce was essential for companies to float.
This caused the proletariat to find itself exploited, in order to obtain the greatest number of benefits for the entrepreneur. Hence, this group of workers was identified by having the following hallmarks:

• They lived in the cities and many of those had left their homes in the countryside and their agricultural or livestock jobs to become part of the industries.

• They were subjected to terrible working conditions, both in terms of hygiene and hard and long working hours. All without forgetting the job insecurity they had at all times.

• They were alienated and their hopelessness made many of them not only sick but also try to drown their sorrows in alcohol.
In addition to all this, it must be known that at that time the proletariat was made up of qualified workers, other employees who had neither experience nor qualification, as well as women and children. These two types of citizens were the ones with the worst working conditions, hence they will be placed as the lowest echelon within the proletariat.

For Marxism , the proletarians and the bourgeoisie have antagonistic interests. The proletariat always wants wages to go up, while the bourgeois want them to stay as low as possible to maximize their profits.
Marx argued that the only possible way for the proletariat to cut its subordination to the bourgeoisie is to become aware of its situation in order to achieve revolution and eradicate capitalist domination.

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