What is preposition?

What Does preposition Mean

Etymologically speaking, we have to determine what preposition is a word that derives from Latin. Specifically, it must be said that it is the result of the sum of two perfectly delimited and differentiated components:

-The prefix “pre-”, which can be translated as “before”.

-The term “positio”, which derives from the verb “put” which is synonymous with “place”.

Preposition is a type of word that does not vary and that allows to introduce certain elements to a sentence , making them depend on other words already mentioned.
Prepositions, generally, are at the beginning of the syntactic constituent to which they modify. When linking words, prepositions function as invariable parts of sentences that are responsible for denoting the link of the terms to each other.

The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) recognizes 23 prepositions in the Spanish language that are used today. Among them are "to" , "with" , "from" , "in" , "to" , "to" , "by" , "if" and "on" .
It is important to bear in mind that the different prepositions can come to indicate a great variety of elements. Thus, for example, they can be used to indicate a place, an origin, a reason, a medium or even a destination, among many other things.
In order to understand this, it is enough to use the preposition "a". Thus, when used in the phrase "I am going to the library", it indicates a direction, while if it is used in sentences such as "we are on July 6, 2015" it shows a day.
An example of a sentence with a preposition is the following: "I will give a ball to Martín . " In this case, the preposition included is “a” , which allows the gift in question (a ball ) to be related to the recipient of the gift ( Martín ).
Another sentence with prepositions is "Raúl will dance with Estela on graduation night . " Among the prepositions that appear, there are “con” (which links Raúl and Estela ) and “en” (indicates when the dance of both will take place).
In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore the existence of what is called an inseparable preposition. This name refers to that prefix that was formerly used as a simple preposition and that, at present, can never be used alone. An example of this is "sub".
In the same way, there are also the so-called prepositional phrases. These come to be groups of words that come to function and mean as if they were a single preposition and that, therefore, when parsing a sentence, they must be studied as a unit. Examples of prepositional phrases are "under" or "through."

In some cases, the prepositions link auxiliary verbs with others that appear in an impersonal way, creating what is known as verbal periphrasis : “You have to shout louder” , “I will run when I hear the signal” .
Prepositions can cause a contraction with articles, creating a contract article . This occurs when “to” or “from” precede the article “the” , giving rise to “al” and “del” : “I will steam the eggs” , “Knock on the neighbor's door” .

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