What is pregnancy?

What Does pregnancy Mean

Pregnancy is called the state of the woman who is gestating life in her womb . In the case of female animals, we speak of pregnancy . For example: "I am in the seventh month of pregnancy and I feel fabulous" , "When my wife lost the pregnancy, I felt very sad" , "We have dreamed of this pregnancy for years!" .

When a woman is pregnant, she carries an embryo within her that becomes a fetus and develops for nine months in the uterus until the moment of childbirth . At that time, the mother gives birth to a child. The time of pregnancy is sometimes minimized, causing premature delivery .

The natural way for pregnancy to occur is through a sexual relationship between a man and a woman . When ejaculating, the man deposits his sperm in the woman's vagina: if a sperm manages to fertilize an egg, the zygote is generated that is implanted in the uterus, generating pregnancy.
There are, however, other ways to produce pregnancy. To this we must resort to techniques of assisted reproduction , such as in vitro fertilization and artificial insemination .
In the process that begins with the formation of the zygote in the uterus and continues until delivery, the woman undergoes numerous metabolic and physiological changes that allow her to care for and nourish the fetus. With pregnancy, menstruation stops and the breasts prepare for lactation, to name two of these changes.
According to its characteristics, it is possible to refer to an early pregnancy (when the pregnant woman has not yet reached adulthood), an ectopic pregnancy (if the ovum develops outside the uterus), an unwanted pregnancy (also called unplanned ) or a multiple pregnancy (if two or more fetuses develop simultaneously in the womb), among other kinds.
Although most pregnancies do not go through complications, it is important to know the problems that can arise in order to act quickly if we detect any abnormalities . When faced with a worrying symptom, professionals may order certain laboratory tests, ultrasounds, or clinical examinations.
Needless to say, the worst problems are those that directly affect the baby. Within this group are spontaneous abortions , which irreversibly interrupt the pregnancy. They usually occur within the first 20 weeks and affect an average of 15% of women. It is estimated that the cause that the embryo cannot continue to develop lies in some abnormalities of the chromosomes of the ovum that has been fertilized.

But all is not lost in the battle against miscarriage , since it is possible to avoid it if we detect its signs in time. Vaginal bleeding is the first thing that occurs and it is enough to contact the doctor urgently. If necessary, it will indicate an ultrasound to observe the interior of the uterus, in addition to a blood test.
The premature birth is one of the complications of pregnancy and is characterized by the opening movement or thinning of the neck uterine, with the subsequent birth of the baby, before week 37. As a statistic, approximately 12% of births in North America are of this type.
We must not underestimate the potential negative consequences of premature birth: although it is true that in many cases advances in medicine manage to protect the baby until it can survive with its mother naturally, in some cases it can lead to serious health problems or even death. The less developed a child is, the less likely it is to be healthy or survive.

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