What is predicate?

What Does predicate Mean

Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the predicate term, it is necessary to record its etymological origin. In this sense, we can establish that it emanates from Latin and that it is the result of the sum of several components of that language:

• The prefix “pre-”, which indicates “ahead”.

• The verb “dicare”, which can be translated as “indicate or consecrate”.

• The suffix “–ado”, which is used to establish that it has been received

In school , we usually learn to separate sentences into subject and predicate . In this article we will focus on the second concept: what is the predicate?
It is, for linguistics and grammar , one of the components of a grammatical sentence .

The function of the predicate is to unite the action (the verb) that is part of the sentence with the person who performs it (the core of the subject), using a series of complements (direct, circumstantial, regime and predicative).
The simplest way to separate a sentence into subject and predicate is by locating the verb and asking who does the action. For example: "Claudio plays soccer . " In this sentence, the verb is "plays" (to play). Therefore, to the question “who plays football” , the answer is “Claudio” . This means that "Claudio" is the subject and "plays soccer" , the predicate.
Through the analysis of the predicate we can know what the subject that is referred to in the sentence does, where and for what purpose .
According to the discipline with which it is analyzed, the predicate can be the constituent part, the sentence that provides information about the subject (for the syntax ) or the expression that denotes a class that allows knowing the state of things and the relationship with the subject (for semantics ).
It should be noted that sentences, and also predicates, can include many other components: indirect object, direct object, adverbs, etc. Returning to the previous example, the sentence could indicate that “Claudio plays soccer in his neighborhood square” , so the predicate would be composed of “he plays soccer in his neighborhood square” . At the other extreme, the predicate can be formed only by a verb: “Claudio plays” .
The direct object is the one that receives the action indicated by the verb, while the indirect object is the person, thing or animal in whom what is established in the cited verb is fulfilled. In this way, the aforementioned indirect object is the one who benefits from the benefit indicated by the verb or is the one who has to deal with its damages.
In the phrase "Eva wrote a letter to Maria", the direct object is the letter while Maria is the indirect object.
Many are the confusions that exist when deciding the CD or the IC. However, a trick to differentiate them is that the former can be replaced by the forms “lo”, “la”, “los” or “las”. The IC, for its part, can be replaced by “le” or “les” and is also always preceded by the following prepositions: “a” or “para”.

The circumstantial complements, for their part, can be very varied: time, place, cause, mode, company, quantity, instrument ...
The notion of predicate, on the other hand, can also appear in the field of mathematics , logic or computer science , as a function or a relationship between two or more terms.
Predicate types
Bimembre sentences (those sentences that say something about someone), can have two types of predicate: verbal predicate (its nucleus is a verb) and non-verbal predicate (its nucleus is not a verb).
When the predicate includes a verb , it acts as the nucleus of this phrase and is linked to the nucleus of the subject through different complements.
The verb present in the predicate can be copulative or non-copulative . In the first case, it works as a link between the grammatical subject and the attribute. If the verb is non-copulative, on the other hand, a verbal predicate is constituted with the verb as the nucleus.
For their part, non-verbal predicates are divided into several groups, among which two should be highlighted:
* Nominales: El núcleo es un sustantivo, un adjetivo o una construcción que comienza con una preposición. Suelen ser oraciones con comas, donde ésta suele reemplazar al verbo ser o estar. Ejemplo. «Tú, malvada (sos/eres)»
* Adverbiales: El núcleo es un adverbio o una expresión circunstancial.Ej: «La casa de mis padres, en la playa» (está).
Otro concepto ligado al que estamos analizando es el de oraciones predicativas. Se llaman así aquellos enunciados simples cuyo predicado posee un núcleo que es un verbo predicativo; esto significa que no es un verbo copulativo ni puede ser sustituido por los verbos ser o estar. Dentro de este grupo existen tres tipos de oraciones.
*Activas: el sujeto realiza la acción o la preside (se conoce como sujeto agente). A su vez pueden ser activas transitivas(el verbo requiere un complemento para concretar su significado) y activas intransitivas (no tienen complemento porque el verbo posee un significado pleno).
*Predicativas pasivas: el verbo se encuentra escrito en voz pasiva y el sujeto es paciente (es afectado por la acción pero no la realiza). Cabe mencionar que el verbo en voz pasiva se construye utilizando el verbo ser o estar que funciona como un auxiliar. Por ejemplo: «Se vende piso» (por alguien).
Existen otras oraciones predicativas pero las citadas son las más comunes.

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