What is postmodernity?

What Does postmodernity Mean

The Postmodernism , also called Postmodernism , is a broad concept that refers to a tendency of the culture , the art and philosophy that emerged at the end of the twentieth century . At a general level, it can be said that the postmodern is associated with the cult of individuality , the absence of interest in the common welfare and the rejection of rationalism, although the idea has many edges.

The postmodern movement, broadly speaking, maintains that modernity failed to try to renew the forms of thought and expression. That is why postmodern thinking is associated with disenchantment and apathy , since it starts from what it understands as a failure of society .

Unlike previous generations, who believed in utopias and social development, postmodern thinkers defend that the possibility of progress is only individual. Ideals, in postmodernity, are replaced by consumption , while great leaders give way to figures who enjoy a brief fame.
Another characteristic of the postmodern world is that it privileges forms over content. In other words, it matters more how a message is conveyed and what effects it causes than the message itself.
In postmodernity, on the other hand, the importance of the past and even the future is also minimized, so that relevance is only given to the present (which, on the other hand, is ephemeral).
With regard to religion and the spiritual, they lose importance in the face of the valorization of the body as an instrument of freedom and a source of pleasure.
Postmodern thought is characterized by being antidualist , since its followers oppose the result of the dualisms created by Western philosophy, which contributed to a less open thought. In addition, postmodernity is in favor of diversity and pluralism, and seeks to satisfy the needs of those individuals or groups that have suffered oppression and marginalization due to the ideologies of modernism and the social and political structures that supported them.
Another feature of postmodernity is the questioning of texts (both literary and historical, among other kinds of written sources), an attitude that justifies with its alleged lack of objectivity or authority to accurately communicate the events that actually took place. . In other words, postmodern thought denounces these books for misrepresenting the truth in order to reflect the personal ideas and prejudices of their authors.

For the weighers of postmodernity, language is the key to the truth : since language fulfills the important function of shaping the thought of human beings, it is not possible to conceive of the existence of the last without the first. Continuing with the concept of truth, postmodernists consider it contextual or variable depending on the point of view, rather than a universal and unquestionable thing. People cannot access reality, but rather the perception we have of it.
From a socio-historical point of view, postmodernity is characterized by:
* ensure that modern sciences are limited in their ability to generate universally valid knowledge ;

* the economy of production gave way to that of consumption;

* Revalue nature and promote care for the environment;

* the power acquired by the consumer industry and the mass media;

* the importance that the image of the leaders took over their ideologies.
From a socio-psychological perspective, however, it can be said that postmodernity:
* seek the immediate;

* He contradicts himself in the search for individuality, since he carries it out following social fashions;

* defends personal liberation;

* justify events with mysticism.

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