What is polytheism?

What Does polytheism Mean

Even the Greek one has to go to find the etymological origin of the term polytheism, which means "doctrine that follows many gods." It is the result of the sum of three components of said language:

-The prefix “poly”, which can be translated as “many”.

-The noun “theos”, which is synonymous with “god”.

-The suffix "-ismo", which indicates doctrine.

Polytheism is a concept that can be understood as "many gods" . It is, therefore, the doctrine followed by those who believe in more than one god .
Polytheism, in this way, is the opposite of monotheism (the doctrine based on the existence of a single god). The Catholicism , the Judaism and Islam are monotheistic religions; instead, Hinduism is polytheistic.

Although there are different groups, it can be said that Hindus worship Shivá , Vishnu , Kali , Krisná and other gods. In this way, it is easy to see that it is a religion oriented to polytheism. If we compare this belief system with Catholicism, it is easy to see the differences, since Catholics believe in only one god ( Almighty God ).
In ancient times, Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Celtic, and American peoples were polytheists. In general, these cultures had a pantheon of gods in which they believed and with whom they communicated through certain people who would have this intermediation capacity, such as different kinds of sorcerers.
In the case of the Roman polytheistic religion we can find a great variety of gods, among which the following stand out:

-Jupiter, the equivalent of the Greek Zeus, who was the father of gods and men. It was identified by its beam.

-Juno, was the queen of the gods as well as protector of the family.

-Neptune, the god of the sea.

-Mars, the god of war.

-Minerva, the goddess of wisdom and intelligence.

-Venus, the goddess of love.

-Mercury, the god of commerce.
Many are the discussions that have turned on whether polytheism or monotheism is better. Therefore, nothing better than to take into account its pros or advantages in this regard:

-Monotheism, for example, can become absolutely intolerant. And that would later translate into atrocities of all kinds.

-In polytheism there is an “explanation” for everything since any event or situation is attributed to one or another god.

- Likewise, it should not be overlooked that it is considered that polytheism gives man more opportunities if he commits a "sin". And it is that he can appeal to a god to intercede for him before another god. In the same way, men and women are given more freedom of action because their gods are not omnipotent.
Between polytheism and monotheism is henotheism . In henotheism, several gods are believed, although one has preponderance over the rest and, therefore, is the one who receives worship. Anthropologists argue that many ancient societies passed from polytheism to henotheism and, from this, finally arrived at monotheism.

At present, certain doctrines that are polytheistic and that combine different elements of pre-Christian religions are known as neopaganism .

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