What is polyglot?

What Does polyglot Mean

Determining the etymological origin of the term polyglot leads us to go to Greek. And it is that it derives from the Greek word "polyglottos", which is made up of two clearly delimited parts:

- "Polys", which is synonymous with "many".

- "glotta", which can be translated as "language".

Polyglot is an adjective that is used to describe the individual who speaks different languages or the text that is developed in many languages . The notion is used when the languages ​​in question are more than three since, otherwise, the adjectives bilingual (related to two languages) or trilingual (three languages) are usually used .
For example: “Dr. Ramilloz is a polyglot who can converse without problems in German, Italian, Arabic, Chinese and Russian” , “Popes are often polyglots to be in a position to carry the message of the Church to the whole world with greater ease " , " This historical treatise is a polyglot document with Greek, Latin, Persian and Aramaic versions . "

The condition of polyglot is usually highly appreciated at the work level . The person who can communicate efficiently in many languages ​​has great potential, as he is in a position to travel and contact people from other countries on his own, without the need to rely on a translator.
Just as, until not many years ago, it used to be enough for an executive to be bilingual (speaking Spanish and English), today those who can also express themselves and understand languages ​​such as Chinese, Portuguese or German are highly valued.
Many are the famous people who throughout history have been described as polyglots. However, among the best known are the following:

-John Milton (1608 - 1674). This British writer and essayist, known especially for his work "Paradise Lost", excelled in both literature and politics. And in both cases his handling of numerous languages ​​was very useful to him. Specifically, it has been made known that, in addition to his native language, he spoke perfectly with Spanish, Italian, French, Greek, Aramaic, Latin, Syriac, Hebrew and even German.

-John Mowring (1792 - 1872). This was an English politician and translator who has gone down in history, among other things, for speaking up to a hundred different languages.

-Heinrich Schliemann (1822 - 1890). He was an important German archaeologist, to whom we owe the discovery of the ruins of Troy. It is considered that he could speak thirteen different languages ​​perfectly, in addition to his native one. Specifically, it was handled without difficulties in Dutch, English, Portuguese, Polish, Greek, Russian, Turkish, French, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Latin and Arabic.
One of the most famous polyglots was Karol Wojtyla , known as John Paul II since he began his papacy in 1978 and until his death. This religious spoke more than a dozen languages, including Spanish, English, Portuguese, Russian, French and Latin, in addition to his native language (Polish).

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