What is political map?

What Does political map Mean

A political map is a map that displays governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, important cities, and they usually include significant bodies of water. It is designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, and the location of major cities, and they usually include significant bodies of water like oceans, rivers, and lakes.

If we decompose this term into two parts, describing each of the words that make it up, we can arrive at an accurate definition of it.

The term map has its origin in the Latin word mappa and refers to the graphic scheme that represents a territorial region. In general the maps are flat, although there are also spherical ones (world maps).

For its part, the concept of politician is an adjective that refers to politics (the exercise of power or the process that a community develops to make ideological decisions that allow achieving common objectives).
By unifying both meanings, we can understand that the qualification of political map is applied to those maps that show the various political entities into which a territory is divided. These entities, set by the human being, allow to divide and organize the land, constituting themselves as localities , cities , provinces , etc. In some cases, political maps include other elements created by people, such as train tracks , roads (highways), or artificial territorial boundaries.

A political map differs from a physical map because the latter are those that represent the accidents of nature (rivers, plateaus, mountains, etc.), without giving importance to the sovereignty that each State has over the territory. In other words, a political map shows the territorial borders, while a physical one presents the geographical characteristics of said territory.
There are in turn some maps that combine these two types of design, they are known as physical-political maps and simultaneously exhibit natural phenomena and political components.
As in any map, the metric properties present in political maps help to make measurements and establish calculations of geographical distances or areas with good precision.
To make all this information accessible from the same map, cartographers (the experts in charge of its development) resort to various techniques to simplify the data, using differentiated scales, symbols and colors. In the case of political maps, the same sheet can show how a country is divided into provinces, which are the capitals of each province and how they are linked by roads.
Elements of a political map
The distribution of the elements on a political map allows the different points of interest for the observer to be marked , capitals of countries or provinces, most prominent cities, geographical areas that are important to understand the political organization of the area, most important rivers and details of absolute interest for each country or province.

With regard to the borders that separate each country, it is important to note that those that appear there are those that have been accepted internationally as valid, and not those that each country believes are the limits of its territory. For example, in the case of those countries that dispute a piece of territory that is between the immediate vicinity of both, on the maps it will appear on the side of that State that the rest of the countries of the world accept as sovereign of said territory, although not necessarily be understood in this way by all citizens.
The type of political organization that appears on a map of this type can be the division of territory into parties or municipalities, States or countries, Provinces, Counties, Fiefdoms, Emirates, Cities and Neighborhoods. Its usefulness lies not only in helping students to understand the political structure of a certain place, but also so that States know in detail the area of ​​their domains and know how to take measures to preserve them.
There are many types of maps , some that we can mention are:
World maps , for example, show the political distribution across the planet. They are spherical and usually have a rotating axis that allows you to move it to see each country up close.
Los mapas geológicos son aquellos que permiten observar las características de las rocas y sedimentos geológicos de un lugar; en ellos pueden verse líneas de fallas, posibles erosiones o accidentes geológicos y estudiarse la estructura interna de la tierra de un lugar. Se encuentran representados a través de símbolos universales a fin de que cualquier conocedor de la materia pueda comprenderlos a simple vista (por ejemplo, las montañas se representan con un triángulo).
Existen también los mapas de múltiples usos, los cuales contienen una variada información indispensable para los especialistas de ciertas áreas. En ellos suelen encontrarse representados los aspectos relativos a la hidrografía, la red vial, la orografía, las poblaciones y cualquier información que se crea pertinente para analizar una determinada región.
Existen también mapas climáticos (presentan en colores los diferentes grupos climáticos de un territorio), mapas urbanos (muestra las zonas urbanas de una región y las diversas vías de comunicación entre ellas), mapas topográficos (contienen toda la información relativa a accidentes naturales y artificiales de un determinado lugar).

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