What is pluralism?

What Does pluralism Mean

The pluralism is a concept that has applications in various fields and is linked to the plurality and coexistence of different things to each other . A plural system is one that accepts, recognizes and tolerates the existence of different positions or thoughts .

In the sphere of politics , pluralism implies the participation of various social groups in democratic life. This means that pluralism values ​​and even promotes that sectors with different ideologies form part of the electoral processes or the decision-making of a government , for example.

Social, cultural, ideological, religious and ethnic heterogeneity is protected by pluralism. A pluralist government, in this sense, does not exercise the monopoly representation of a single social sector, but builds its power from dialogue and debate. It is, therefore, about broadening the power base .
In philosophy , pluralism is a metaphysical position that considers that the whole world is composed of independent and interrelated realities. This position differs from monism , which defends that reality is only one.
Theological pluralism is the notion that all religions are useful ways to reach God . Christianity, Judaism, and the rest of the predominant religions of the Western world consider that God is one, even when he receives different names and is venerated in different ways. Each religion , however, tends to call itself the valid way of approaching God .
Ethical pluralism
If the principles of pluralism were applied to ethics , then it would be correct to admit that in that branch of philosophy that deals with morality there is not only one valid vision on the same issue; In other words, it could be considered that ethics is a subjective matter and that it admits multiple ideas and bases. In this way, it would be possible to accept different points of view to analyze the same behavior, understanding that all of them would respond to ethics.
The most used example to understand ethical plurality has as protagonists the lawyers who must defend causes or trials against people accused of having committed rapes, kidnappings, murders or drug trafficking. In these cases, some professionals prefer to stay aside, since they do not want to be part of the liberation of a dangerous criminal, and only agree to work on said defenses when they have a close knowledge of the defendants, when they can assure that they are individuals. innocent.

On the other hand, there are those who respect an ethical position that maintains that everyone has the right to be defended, even the most feared of criminals, and that it is precisely the lawyers who have the obligation to assume this defense.
According to the sensitivity of each person, certain causes may seem just or unjust, as happens with self-defense. Should he pay in the same way as a murderer who reacts to an attack by stabbing his aggressor? When observing the social reality of some countries, it is obvious that ethics is not exactly an exact science ; A quick glance of our planet shows us that while there are those who consider homosexuality a crime , others leave unpunished those who torture, humiliate and cruelly murder a bull in front of a bloodthirsty crowd.
Many lawyers claim to have specialized in areas such as Law so as not to face the difficult decision of whether or not to assume the defense of a rapist, for example, for fear of not being able to place the legal and constitutional right of every citizen above their own. convictions .

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