What is platinum?

What Does platinum Mean

The platinum is a chemical element that has an abundant presence on our planet. This metal , with an atomic number of 78 , has a silver hue and can be found in alloys, integrated with some minerals or in the form of grains.

Its malleability, its ductility, its resistance to corrosion and its melting at very high temperatures are some of the main characteristics of this metal that is used in the manufacture of laboratory instruments , thermometers, electronic parts, watches and other products.
The story goes that platinum, at first, was confused with silver : that's where its name comes from. Then it was discovered that it was a different chemical element, present in various regions of the Earth . Today, South Africa , Russia, and Canada (in that order) are the world's top platinum producers.

Interestingly, despite the fact that there is more platinum than gold on the planet, the former is considered more valuable. However, this has an explanation that goes back to the late nineteenth century, when Loius Cartier created wristwatches and chose this material over gold and silver. The reason for his decision was that he needed colorless settings for the diamonds, something that gold could not offer; he discarded silver, on the other hand, because it was considered vulgar at the time.
Generally speaking, platinum is not considered too dangerous a metal. Its salts, however, can cause cancer, DNA changes and skin allergies , among other disorders.
Beyond this, platinum is almost essential in various fields. Let's see some of its applications:
* In motor vehicles, platinum works as a catalyst , together with rhodium and palladium, making it possible to convert polluting gas emissions (such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and others) into less harmful ones, such as H2O vapor or nitrogen. The catalysis that platinum can achieve is also important in the production of fertilizers and in the refining of petroleum ;
* This metal is highly valued in the field of jewelry, given its purity (in the United States and Europe it is usually around 95%, while in other countries it may be 10% less) and its beauty, in addition to its properties, that make it very particular;
* Platinum is also used to produce fiber optic cables and hard drives. Given the steady rise in popularity of devices that make use of such components, it is logical to assume that the demand for platinum will continue to grow;

* manufacture of thermistors and thermocouples, devices used to measure temperature in the steel, semiconductor and glass industries, or as infrared detectors in various fields, including the military;
* explosives and fertilizers, such as gauze to catalyze ammonia and convert it into nitric acid;
* manufacture of silicones in various industries , such as construction, automotive and aerospace;
* production of glass and glass fiber reinforced plastic;
* Platinum is also used in cancer fighting drugs and implants, as well as alloys for dental restoration and neurosurgical devices;
* as a catalyst in the development of fuel batteries (used for the generation of electrical energy , with the aim of replacing internal combustion engines).
In the music industry , it is known as a Platinum Record to the certification that an album obtains when it reaches a certain number of copies sold. The number of records that must be sold to receive the Platinum Record varies by country.

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