What is pictorial?

What Does pictorial Mean

Pictorial is an adjective that comes from pictor , a Latin term that can be translated as “painter” . The pictorial, therefore, refers to what is linked to painting .

For example: "My pictorial knowledge is zero, but the truth is that I loved this painting" , "The classes paid off: yesterday I was able to sell my first pictorial work" , "My uncle always sought to express his feelings, either through the musical or the pictorial ” .
To understand the concept of pictorial, it is inevitable to know clearly what the notion of painting refers to. On the one hand, paint is that substance that is used to cover a material , leaving a very thin layer on it. Painting, on the other hand, is the name given to the work of art on which there is something painted and even the name of this artistic branch in general.

If we talk about pictorial art , in this way, we will be referring to those expressive manifestations that are developed with painting. There are various pictorial supports , such as canvas, a mural or wood. An artist can draw and spread pigments on these supports to create a work .
Pictorial portrait
A painting that seeks to reproduce the face of a person is known as a pictorial portrait . These portraits were very popular in ancient times, when photography did not exist , since they allowed to immortalize the appearance of an individual thanks to the talent of the painter. The members of the nobility used to commission pictorial portraits that they later exhibited as a demonstration of power and to promote the cult of their person.
Today, this genre of painting continues to be important in the upper class and among members of the government, although it is also accessible to middle class people. In addition to people, the pictorial portrait can also be used to represent animals, although this case is less common. On the other hand, it is also possible for an artist to portray himself, a type of work known by the name of a self - portrait .
When it comes to making a pictorial portrait, the artist has two difficult tasks: to faithfully represent the physical appearance of the subject, so that anyone close to him can easily recognize it; to capture in the work the essence and spirit of the subject, the sensations and feelings that it manifests at the time of being portrayed. Aristotle affirmed that art should focus on the inner meaning of things , since this constituted the authentic reality .

Based on these principles, artists usually avoid that the material plane interferes in portraits, which is why facial expressions and disorderly postures are very rare; on the contrary, the normal thing is that the portrayed subjects are serious or with a slight smile. Thanks to this stripping of appearances, it is possible to achieve a wide range of emotions , both direct and ambiguous.
The writer and artist Gordon C. Aymar assures that the eyes are the most important point of a pictorial portrait, they are the most reliable and complete source of information about the subject , and that the eyebrows can transmit a myriad of emotions, among which are they find fear, nostalgia, hope, grief, and disgust. In addition, the most skilled artists can achieve a great series of subtle combinations and variations of the same, simply through the eyebrows and the eyes.
Portrait painting can present the subject of body length, from the waist or shoulders, front, or three - quarters profile, and with different lighting combinations, among many other possibilities. Also, there are portraits that show various points of view of the subject, and even some that do not expose his face.

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