What is physiology?
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What Does physiology Mean
The physiology is the science which studies are the functions of organic beings . The term derives from the Latin word physiologia ( "knowledge of nature" ), although it has Greek origin.
To be more specific we must clarify that in general, natural sciences are responsible for the study of inanimate objects and living beings ; the chemistry , in particular the transformation of matter, the physical changes of energy, while the physicochemical analyzes those changes produced by the combination of modifications in materials and energy (chemical and physical).
Through the scientific method and experimentation, this science manages to know how living beings change within an environment and establish rules that determine the behavior of matter and energy in the course of life.
In turn, within the natural sciences there are three great ways of understanding life , through morphology (studies the structure of living beings and their evolution), physiology (is based on the study of the particular phenomena of the living beings and the laws that govern their existence) and biology (studies the relationships that are established between an organism and its environment).
Thanks to the use of principles of exact sciences, physiology is in charge of studying the interactions of the basic elements of the living being with its environment . Its main objective is to understand the functional processes of living organisms and all their elements.
It is also possible to distinguish, within this part of the biological sciences, various branches, where each one is in charge of studying a particular structure; thus there are the human or animal physiology and physiology plant . Human physiology and animal physiology are related due to their similarities since they belong to the same kingdom, animal.
With regard to animal physiology, it is important to mention that one of the elements of study on which specialists base their research is homeostasis ( "similar position" or "similar stability" ) to describe the persistence of constant conditions in the internal environment. This constancy is produced by the functions of the organs and tissues.
Plant physiology, for its part, focuses on the analysis of the functioning of plant tissues and organs. One of the central processes of this physiology is photosynthesis , which involves the use of light to convert inorganic matter from the external environment into organic matter that is used in development .
The organisms that develop photosynthesis are called photoautotrophs (capable, in addition to fixing atmospheric carbon dioxide) or autotrophs . The photosynthesis process in plants involves the release of oxygen into the atmosphere, which contributes to human life and reduces pollution .
Physiology is a science
The study of nature from physiological issues is extremely old, however this science as such was not established until a few centuries ago .
Throughout the years and investigations, things were discovered such as the great difference that existed between muscles and tendons (which in Aristotle's time were confused) that collaborated with the enrichment of science, until leading to its formation, with all the laws derived from the study of living beings.
It is important to note, however, that physiology is a pure science, so it should not be taken only as a subject for immediate applications, but rather serve to develop long-term treatises and studies on the general principles of life of humans living beings.