What is phobia?

What Does phobia Mean

Phobia is a term that comes from the Greek and its application is linked to fear . In order to be in the presence of a phobic condition, according to its definition, one has to register a compulsive irrational fear or experience an obsessive aversion , either towards an object, a situation, an insect or a person , among others.

In most cases, the person who suffers from some type of phobia presents anxiety and stress because, despite being aware that the fear they experience in certain things or circumstances is excessive, they cannot stop feeling it.

On the other hand, it is important to note that the term can also be applied to other specific cases that are not necessarily linked to fear. The photophobia , for example, refers to a visual problem where light can lead to inflammation or pupil dilation.
In general, it can be said that phobias arise from a traumatic experience . In this sense, it can happen that a person who in his childhood has been scratched by a rabid cat, ends up being ailurophobic , that is, phobic to that type of animal.
However, there is an extensive list of phobias, many well known and others not so surprising. Among those we can highlight acrophobia which is the fear of heights, androphobia which is the fear of men, astraphobia which is the panic of storms, the cynophobia which can be defined as the fear of dogs or the nyctophobia It is the fear of the dark.
Among the most peculiar or singular phobias we can find the following:

Aporophobia, which is hatred or fear of poor people.

Aurophobia, which can be defined as the fear of money and gold.

Coulrophobia. It is that phobia that people have who have a real fear of clowns.

Erotophobia This is described as being the fear that a person presents to being asked questions of a certain sexual nature.

Lalophobia is the fear of speaking.

Levofobia This term can be defined as the panic that someone feels towards what is the left side.

Paraskavedekatriaphobia. This concept so complicated to pronounce is used to define the fear that some people feel towards what is the date of Friday the 13th.

Postocalyptrophobia. The fear of the condom is what defines this term.
Among the most common phobias are agoraphobia (whose symptom is fear of public places), arachnophobia (rejection of spiders), acrophobia (fear of heights) and claustrophobia (fear of closed places). On the other hand, terms such as xenophobia , Francophobia or homophobia cannot be framed within the field of medicine since they are associated with a negative attitude towards a certain category of people.

Finally, and in addition to all the above, we cannot ignore the fact that Fobia is also the name of a rock group from Mexico, whose origins date back to the 80s and that, after a hiatus , returned to the stage in 2012.

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