What is phagocyte?

What Does phagocyte Mean

A phagocyte is the type of cell that can capture and digest particles or microorganisms that are harmful or of no use to the body. These cells, which belong to the set of white blood cells (also known as leukocytes ), are found in the tissues and blood of various animals.

What phagocytes do in the first instance is to incorporate microbes or cell debris into their interior, introducing them into their cytoplasm. To fulfill this objective, they emit pseudopods : extensions of the cytoplasm that capture the particles. They then digest them, completing the process called phagocytosis .

The mast cells , the monocytes and neutrophils are some of the phagocytes present in the body of the human being . These cells act on the immune system , which works as a defense against infection.
It is important to mention that, in each liter of blood , a person has about six billion phagocytes. According to how efficient the phagocytosis they perform, it is possible to divide phagocytes into professional phagocytes (the most effective) and non-professional phagocytes (the least effective).
Phagocytes, in short, contribute to the elimination of harmful or useless elements from the body . These cells develop phagocytosis, which is a type of endocytosis (they introduce certain particles inside them). To execute this process, they appeal to the pseudopods that extend the cytoplasm. The pseudopods (or pseudopods), in this framework, surround the particles and incorporate them into the cell, thus being able to digest them.

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