What is person?

What Does person Mean

In everyday language, the word person refers to a being with the power of reason who is aware of himself and has his own identity . The exclusive example is usually man , although some extend the concept to other species that populate this planet.

A person is a being capable of living in society and who has sensitivity, in addition to having intelligence and will, typical aspects of humanity. For psychology , a person is someone specific (the concept encompasses the physical and psychic aspects of the subject that define it based on its condition as singular and unique).
Two children posing in front of the camera.
The notion of person in law
In the field of law , a person is any entity that, due to its characteristics, is entitled to have rights and assume obligations . That is why we speak of different types of people: natural persons (as human beings are defined ) and persons of ideal or legal existence (group where corporations , societies , the State , social organizations , etc.) are grouped .

Natural or natural persons are considered from a concept of a legal nature that was developed by Roman jurists. At present, natural persons have, by the mere fact of existing , various attributes recognized by law.
Legal or moral persons are those entities that, to carry out certain collective purposes , are backed by legal norms that recognize their capacity to be holders of rights and contract obligations.
Definitions and traditions
In philosophy the concept of person has been the subject of extensive debate. Among the theories that have been developed, there are three that have gained the most acceptance.
Persona is a Latin term that has its equivalent in Greek and is propono , which refers to the masks used by actors in classical theater . In this way, according to the etymology, we could say that person prossopon means character .
Another etymological explanation affirms that person comes from person that comes from the infinitive personare which means to make the voice sound , it may have a connection with the previous explanation as long as the actors perform this action to make themselves heard in the theater.

The third theory is inclined to find the meaning of the term in a legal root , considering that it refers to a legal subject, with duties and obligations. It is the theory that has most firmly influenced philosophical and theological uses .
It should be noted that the basic grammatical trait reflected by the so-called personal pronouns is called a grammatical person . This property offers the possibility of regulating the deictic mode that is required to determine what role the speaker, the listeners and the rest of those involved in the preaching structure occupy. In the Spanish language , there are three grammatical people in the singular and three other people in the plural.
Person with coat and beard.
The person according to philosophy
The intellectual Saint Augustine affirmed that an individual could be considered a person due to his capacity for self-reflection , that is, being aware of his limitations and responsibilities before God, he must analyze each of his acts so that they do not give him away and lead him away from the path of truth and happiness (most of the theologians of the Catholic Church are based on this theory).
One of the fundamental authors when defining the concept of person is Boecio . His theory about the concept is the most accepted today. It says that a person is naturae rationalis individua substantia . That is to say, it is of a rational nature and it is the reason that serves to demonstrate its individual essence, I am implying that before being a sociable being , the individual is a person, free and with the ability to reason and decide on their actions.
For its part, contemporary anthropology affirms that the person is a structural whole that opens up to the world and to other living beings. An independent and free subject in front of other objects and subjects.
Para terminar podemos decir que existen cinco formas de definir el concepto, teniendo en cuenta la línea ideológica e intereses de quien lo define. Estos son:
*Persona como sustancia: atribución de propiedades particulares tales como independencia y raciocinio (Aristóteles, Boecia y Edad Media).
*Persona como ser pensante: un sujeto epistemológico donde la razón supera a su existencia física (Pensamiento Moderno).
*Persona como ser ético: individuo absolutamente libre, pero sujeto a una obligación moral, respondiendo a un conjunto de leyes divinas antes que a las leyes de su propia naturaleza (Estoicos, Kant y Fichte).
*Persona como ente jurídico: individuo sujeto a leyes intrínsecas de su esencia que están relacionadas con los derechos universales. Dicha característica, está por encima de la esencia ética del ser.
*Persona religiosa: individuos ligados a una fe, cumpliendo mandatos divinos y buscando la verdadera libertad. (Existencialismo y Personalismo, tradición judeo-cristiana, San Agustín, Pascal, Kierkegaard).

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