What is Pentecost?

What Does Pentecost Mean

Pentecost is a term that comes from the Latin Pentecost , although its more remote origins lead us to a Greek word that can be translated as “fiftieth” . The concept is used to name the holiday celebrated by the Catholic Church on the fiftieth day following Easter , which falls between May 10 and June 13 . This festival is consecrated to the Coming of the Holy Spirit .

Pentecost is also the feast that the Jews instituted in memory of the law that God gave on Mount Sinai , which was celebrated fifty days after the Passover of the Lamb .

This Jewish holiday, called Shavuot , commemorates the delivery of the commandments to the people of Israel . This led to the Christian liturgy, which is among the most important holidays of this religion , behind Easter and Christmas .
In the Christian case, Pentecost is the celebration that ends the Easter season. This occasion allows us to celebrate the arrival of the Holy Spirit and the beginning of the Church's activity .
Certain books of the Bible ascribe miraculous characteristics to the Holy Spirit , who provides courage and encourages understanding. Some Orthodox Churches celebrate, together with Pentecost , the feast of the Holy Trinity or of the Three Divine Persons (Father, Son and Holy Spirit).
Germany , Belgium , France , Holland , Norway and Switzerland are some of the countries where the day after Pentecost is a holiday. This also occurs in several autonomous communities in Spain , such as Catalonia .
Differences between Christian and Jewish Pentecost
According to Christian belief, the day that the Holy Spirit (third person of the Holy Trinity) settled on the apostles, they were completely transformed: they went from staying in the shadows for fear of being murdered to being seen in full light of the day preaching the teachings received from the mouth of Jesus. As the Bible describes it, that day a few leagues of fire descended on them that illuminated them deeply, giving them the gift of sharing what they knew and felt without any type of barrier: it is believed that they could speak multiple languages and understand perfectly with anyone.
This solemnity belongs to one of the mobile feasts of the Church ; This means that it does not have a specific day on the calendar but that it celebrates on a variable date depending on the current liturgical year .

In the case of the Jewish religion, Pentecost is also called Shavuot and has a religious meaning and another linked to nature and the world of agriculture: it is a date that is celebrated at the time of year in which they were formerly collected. the fruits. This explanation has achieved that for many years this day is known as the day of the Feast of Firstfruits ; For a long time the first crops were brought as an offering to God to the Temple of Jerusalem, in this way the farmers thanked the rains and God's providence to take care of them and their work.
In this case, the festival consists of two non-working days dedicated exclusively to gathering and getting closer to God . During the first night the devotees gather in the temple and stay up all night studying the Torah. In the most orthodox communities (Sephardic and Hasidic) a text from the Tanakh is recited in public. The rest of the faithful can read some texts from the Talmudo and Halacha in the gathering of their home. All these are sacred texts that belong to the Jewish liturgy and that to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the degree of devotion of each religious, must be strictly observed and respected as an immovable truth.

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