What is penitentiary?

What Does penitentiary Mean

The concept of prison is used to refer to what is linked to a penitentiary : the place where prisoners are locked up . The term is used to form various expressions.

The prison law in this context, is the branch of the law focused on the application of penalties to disenfranchise convicts, especially freedom. The penitentiary system , meanwhile, is made up of the institutions that are in charge of establishing criminal penalties and guaranteeing compliance with the penalties.
The main correctional institution is the prison , jail or penitentiary . These establishments can have different characteristics. The prison regime is one that regulates life inside a space of this type.

Take the case of Mexico . The Federal Penitentiary System is an institution that depends on the national State, whose function is to administer and manage the penitentiary establishments. Its objectives include collaborating with public safety, discouraging crime, and minimizing the recidivism rate.
This last concept, recidivism , is one of the most delicate in the prison system, since every time an ex-convict commits a crime again and forces - so to speak - the authorities to arrest him and put him in jail In some way we can affirm that it jeopardizes all the efforts of the Government to reform it and guarantee the security of the nation.
In this sense, we can begin to mentally elaborate a prison system to understand at what point it fails when it leads prisoners to reoffend. In the first place, there is the deprivation of liberty , an element common to all that has generated and continues to generate controversy but that most people accept normally: if someone commits a sufficiently serious crime , Justice has the right to lock them up in prison during a time that it establishes evaluating a series of specific questions based on the current Law.
This may seem ideal for victims, who feel protected by their authorities when they catch and imprison their attackers , but the latter also have rights from the government's point of view, and they do not always enforce themselves behind bars. Spending months or years without being able to leave a building in which we are nothing more than numbers associated with a crime or crime, sharing our reduced space with people who have perhaps committed more terrible acts, eating and sleeping poorly, suffering ridicule and abuse for part of armed officers and enduring the lack of hygiene is not exactly the description of "reform."

Of course, all prison systems are not the same; the problem is that there are many that are infinitely worse. While in some advanced countries they struggle to find a balance between serving sentences and having access to the tools necessary to lead a better life once they are released, in most inmates go through experiences that are difficult to digest, which no one could wish not even as a sociological experiment, and when they finally get out of prison they are not prepared to make good decisions.
In several countries, someone who works in the prison system is called a prison . Why the guards guarding the prisoners and controlling security in prison are known as prison guards , prison guards or just prison .
The term prison also appears in the field of religion . The priest who dedicates himself to the confession of the penitents of a church, for example, is classified as a penitentiary. The person who presides over the Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary is also known as a penitentiary or major penitentiary .

Go up