What is patriarchy?

What Does patriarchy Mean

When determining the etymological origin of the term patriarchy, we would have to say that it comes from the Greek. And it is that it is made up of two parts of that language: "homeland", which can be translated as "family or descent", and "archo", which is synonymous with "command."

Patriarchy is the territory of the jurisdiction of a patriarch , his dignity or the length of time it lasts. The concept is also used to name the authority or government of the patriarch.
This concept (patriarch), on the other hand, allows to name the dignity of the bishops of certain churches, the founder of a religious order and some of the Old Testament characters who were heads of great families.

Patriarch is also one who, due to his age and wisdom, exercises authority in a community or in a family .
Returning to the notion of patriarchy, we can say that, for sociology , it is a primitive social organization where authority is exercised by a male chief . This power extends to relatives of the same lineage.
In other words, a patriarchy is a system in which males dominate females . The men exert oppression of members of the female gender, appropriating by peaceful or violent means of their productive and reproductive force.
Given that, in theory, this type of organization does not exist in modern Western society, the notion of patriarchy is used to criticize and condemn those behaviors or policies of a macho tint.
However, despite this, we have to establish that in our days there is a culture that bets on the indisputable figure of a patriarch. We are referring to the gypsy culture, which gives that title to a man of advanced age. He will exercise not only, by experience and wisdom, as authority within his family but also within a certain group of people.
This honor that is given to him leads him to become the maximum responsible for the compliance with the different laws of the gypsy ethnic group and in charge of solving the different disputes and conflicts that may arise between two or more families.
As a general rule, the gypsy patriarch is identified by his hat and his cane as well as by being accompanied by two or more people who will be in charge of watching over him. When applying the law of your culture, you will always take into account its most important values ​​such as respect for the elderly, the important role of the family, the chastity of women, the need to keep your word. that is given. And it is that, in relation to this last case, the most important thing that every gypsy has is precisely his word.
The sexual division of labor (with women in charge of unpaid work, such as housework, or low-paying jobs), lack of economic independence (men manage the money), domestic violence, and sexual harassment They are issues linked to a certain type of patriarchy that still exists.

Go up