What is patina?

What Does patina Mean

Patina is a concept that derives from patina , a Latin word that can be translated as "plate" . The notion refers to a class of varnish that, from moisture , is created on certain surfaces and covers them. Its etymological origin is due to the varnish that covered the dishes in ancient times.

The patina, therefore, can be a certain varnish or any layer that covers something. For example: “With this patina, the table will be more protected and the wood will remain intact for a longer time” , “The job is not ready yet: a varnish patina is still missing” , “You cannot even see the original color of the floor : a patina of dust and grime covers the surface ” .

In the case of copper and some of its alloys, the patina appears naturally over time due to the corrosion of the material. The metal, from the action of various environmental components, gradually returns to its natural mineral condition. In this process, a kind of film of salts is formed which is known as patina.
In motors , patina is a combination of oxides that is used to protect the commutator or manifold.
If the term is accentuated in the «I» ( patina ), it is a conjugation of the verb to skate (to move on the ground due to its slippery conditions or thanks to the use of wheels): "Look how Lucrecia skates!" , "The track where the Olympic athlete skates will remain closed for two months for spare parts . "
How to skate a piece of furniture
Patina can be applied to a piece of furniture after it is built to enhance its appearance , giving it softness while also making it look older, something that many people find very attractive to look at. It is worth mentioning that patinated is used for both wood and forging or iron, among other materials.
Another objective of applying patina to a piece of furniture is to highlight its moldings and its carvings by darkening the recesses and lighting the projections; This enriches the textures regardless of the quality of the base material. Also, the patina helps to hide defects and imperfections, both in the material and the work.
To carry out the patina of a piece of furniture, a measure of linseed oil is needed for every three of turpentine or turpentine, which forms a liquid called glaze , which serves to dissolve the other of the elements on the list: earth pigment or oil of the desired color .

When choosing the color, special attention should be paid, since the ideal is to contrast with the finish; For example, in the case of furniture that has already been painted, a similar shade of oil to the original but slightly darker is recommended. In addition, so that the patina does not carry away the paint or varnish, it is essential that the furniture is completely dry.
The steps to apply the patina are as follows:
* mix the colored material (earth or oil pigment) with linseed oil and dilute it with turpentine or white spirit to achieve a lighter consistency;
* use a soft brush to spread the mixture on the furniture. If the surface is very large, it is advisable to work in parts;
* For a naturally aged look , give more hands on trim and recesses;
* remove excess patina using a clean cotton cloth, mainly on flat regions;
* use a dry brush to achieve a smudging effect by spreading the patina towards the corners ;
* let dry.

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