What is parliamentary regime?

What Does parliamentary regime Mean

The notion of government regime makes it possible to refer to how the different powers of the State are related . In the set of democratic regimes (based on popular participation when making decisions related to public issues), the parliamentary regime can be found .

In this regime , the Legislative Power (represented by Parliament ) elects those who will exercise the Executive Power (the government). In this kind of system, the Head of Government or Prime Minister is not the same as the Head of State : the former presides over the Executive Branch , while the latter may be a monarch who agreed to his status in a hereditary manner or a selected representative by Parliament .

The population elects the members of Parliament through their vote and then the parliamentarians vote for the head of government . Different is the case of the presidential regime , in which people vote directly for the leader of the Executive Power (the president).
Those who defend the parliamentary regime emphasize that, when various political parties enter Parliament , the decisions have a high social consensus. The head of government must even answer to Parliament , which implies a greater participation in the active politics that directs the destinies of a country .
Currently in the parliamentary regime, a Prime Minister , who governs alongside his cabinet, and a Head of State , who acts as a mediator and who has very specific attributions, usually coexist . The Executive Power and the Legislative Power , meanwhile, interact in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution : in general, Parliament can remove the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister can dissolve Parliament on extraordinary occasions.
To better understand this concept, we will see some real examples of countries that adopted the parliamentary regime. In the first place, we can talk about Eastern Europe , where there is the largest concentration of this type of government, more specifically in the following countries: Bosnia, Albania, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia .
In western Europe we also find countries with a parliamentary regime; such is the case of Italy, Greece, Austria, Germany, Malta, Portugal and Moldova, and many of them are also unitary states . In a unitary state, there is an organization that has a central government that delegates certain minor powers to administrative branches.

Moving to Southeast Asia , there are Bangladesh and East Timor, two countries that have a parliamentary regime. We cannot leave out of this list India, which has the second place in number of inhabitants worldwide, after China. Pakistan, Lebanon, Iraq and Israel are other countries with parliamentary governments, in this case, in the Middle East . Lebanon has a particular situation, since it also supports a system called Confessionalism , which allows the distribution of power among the various religious groups in the country.
Already on the African continent , we have three countries with a parliamentary regime: Ethiopia, Mauritius and Cape Verde, although the latter two are in island territories . Mauritius adopted this type of government in 1968, when it became independent from the United Kingdom, while Cape Verde did so more recently, in 1980.
It is important to note that the parliamentary regime is present in other parts of the world, although not as densely as in those mentioned above. For example, in the South Pacific there is Samoa, a nation located 500 kilometers from Fiji. There are also Dominica, and Trinidad and Tobago, two countries that have been under this regime for some decades; the first adopted it in 1979, with its Reform, and the second, after becoming independent from the United Kingdom in 1976.

Go up